As a pound of seeds cover 300-400 sq.ft area, and one pallet of sod covers about 400-500 sq.ft area, the latter option will cost you about $150-$200 higher than the former. Zoysia Empire (Japonica hybrid) It has a dark-green, medium-width and relatively fine leaf. If the existing grass is sparse, then the problem may be the soil's composition. Seeding a New Lawn Now, armed with your locale and whatnot, your soil is sandy, your climate is maritime, and any grass is likely to need a bit of a helping hand. Seeding Your Lawn Part 1: The Setup. Getting rid of seed heads. That situation may be a problem in some communities, where local custom, homeowners' association rules or local ordinances limit the height and appearance of lawn grass. All trademarks are either the property of Central Garden & Pet Company, its subsidiaries, divisions, affiliated and/or related companies or the property of their respective owners. Seed spikes should emerge, growing above the rest of the lawn in June or July. Once the last frost is over, it’s about that time to begin fertilizing. Seedland recommends that you plant at the 2 LB. Zoysia is a lawn to be appreciated from afar or walked through on stepping stones or decking. Characteristics to Consider. Applying Weed Control Products Applying weed control products to grass prior to seeding can affect the seeds’ ability to grow. Warm-season grasses are generally creeping grasses, which means they send out runners to put down roots and establish new leaves. Do not mow during this time. As I look at it, Zoysia might be worth a try, but I wouldn't expend too terribly much in terms of resources here. IF you do NOT want to kill your existing lawn.. then you should consider planting zoysia grass plugs and NOT seeds. When grass has grown to at least ⅓ higher than the recommended height of 1½ to 2½ inches (i.e., grass has grown to 3 inches tall vs. a recommended height of 2 inches), begin mowing. per 1000 square feet rate for best results. The best methods to remove thatch are to scalp grass with a lawn mower using a specialized dethatching blade available at your local hardware store or to utilize a verticut machine. Other grasses, for example, rye grasses, both annual (Lolium multiflorum) and perennial varieties such as "Manhattan" (Lolium perenne "Manhattan"), hardy in USDA zones 3 through 8, germinate and grow rapidly. Complete Guide to Zoysia Grass Seed by Tim Riley May 25, 2020, 6:51 am 9 Comments For decades, beginning in the late 1970s and persisting well into the 2000s, if you were to open your Sunday newspaper you’d find tucked somewhere inside it a glossy ad touting the benefits of zoysia. Cutting off more than one-third of the blade height at once can stress the grass and kill it. Plant the seed as directed, then rake lightly to cover the seed no deeper than ¼" deep. That is why those grasses normally are planted in plug or sod form. Wait until grass is relatively dry before attempting to remove thatch. Wait at least 7 days to make certain all grass is killed. Historically, it has been extremely difficult to create a fine Zoysia grass lawn from seed.However, Zoysia seed has come a If so, then follow these steps: Mowing Many types of grass grow successfully in Florida. Pinch the seed heads off the spikes or cut them with shears. If you or a pet routinely walks through the grass, it will develop a low spot (in the grass, not the soil) along the path. Allowing them to self-seed probably would bulk up the lawn somewhat. Zoysia grass is a beautiful, tolerant grass with a lot of features that make it the go-to grass for most lawn owners. Zoysia is a genus of grasses native to east Asia named after the 18th century Slovenian botanist Karl von Zois. Left unmowed, lawn grasses go to seed, but the self-seeding process is not necessarily the best way to bulk up a lawn. If necessary, thinly apply a mulch product to prevent erosion of the seed while still allowing adequate light to reach the seed. Zoysia Grass Plugs Spreading Rate. With Palisades Zoysia and the St. Augustine grasses, you will end up pulling those grasses out of your flower beds because they are so aggressive and they do spread so rapidly. Then when it has taken over your lawn, it will start in on your flower beds and your neighbor’s lawn. An alternate method of seeding is to mow the lawn closely, then aerate the lawn well with a spike aerator or similar tool. It can also be planted in fall, a minimum of 60 days before the first frost is expected. Certain grasses, especially warm-season varieties such as St. Augustinegrass (Stenotaphrum secundatum), hardy in USDA zones 9 through 11, spread rapidly by stolons, which are above-ground stems that root wherever leaf tips touch the ground. Letting your grass grow tall enough to go to seed means you must mow it in stages. It is recommended to remove thatch in early spring before the grass begins to turn green again. Water daily until grass sprouts and reaches a few inches tall. Beyond this point, any seed planted may not survive the winter as it will have insufficient time to establish in the ground before the winter weather arrives. This could be a result of a lack of nutrients – fertiliser or simply not enough water. Daily Sunlight Required: Adaptable to full sun to partial shade (6–8 hours of sunlight), USDA Planting Zones: 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 (may not be adaptable to all areas within each climatic zone), Recommended Planting Dates: Mid to late spring after the last frost or early fall depending on location. It has a light green color and coarse leaves. However, zoysia grows best from sprigs, plugs, or sod, even if seed is an option. After seedlings emerge and grass is established, reduce watering frequency and water only as needed. Zoysia tenuifolia grows very slowly to about 10cm in height making it ideal for alternative lawns or on slopes. Zoysia certainly isn't miraculous, but when grown in the appropriate conditions, it is going to offer a beautiful, compact, durable and attractive lawn. Here we are going to take a look at them while getting some tips on dealing with them. Spray the existing grass with a nonselective herbicide labeled for lawn use. Zoysia really only looks good from mid-May through October. Letting grass go to seed means allowing the lawn area to become somewhat less tidy in appearance. A planting depth of 5mm or shallower gives the best germination results, a deeper planting depth will prolong the germination and establishment time. Some grasses, such as "Meyer" zoysia (Zoysia japonica "Meyer"), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 10, establish very slowly from seeds, which need to … Water the lawn and fertilize appropriately. Because Zoysia grass seed can take a long time to germinate and establish itself, a cost-effective alternative to laying sod is to order and plant Zoysia grass … If you let the existing grass go to seed, weeds will outcompete the new grass produced. The lush green lawn is an American ideal that many homeowners work hard to attain. Some types of Zoysia grass can only be grown from sod or grass sprigs, but Pennington Zenith Zoysia grass seed combines the strengths of Zoysia grass with all the benefits of growing from seed. The grass that results from Zoysia seed is a medium to coarse textured lawn. While most Z. japonica cultivars can only be propagated vegetatively, there are some cultivars that can be grown from seed. Any benefit from self-seeding would be slow in coming. Mid-Spring – Zoysia grass is going to start turning green when the soil temperature is 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit consistently. Before letting grass go to seed or planting anything else in the lawn, test the soil by using a kit available from nurseries and garden centers. Just make sure that the zoysia grass is 50 percent green or a … Aerate the area thoroughly using a checkerboard type pattern. Heavier seeding rates produce better results especially with a slow starter like Zoysia. Zoysia grass establishes more slowly than some lawn … Establishing Zoysia is no easy task because you can’t just spread seed like you do with cool-season grasses. ), allow the clippings to remain on the ground as a mulch covering the seed, which can be beneficial. Her work has been published in the "New York Times," "Christian Science Monitor," "Horticulture Magazine" and other national and regional publications. Zoysia Grass Seeding Rates. Water daily for 30 days keeping the seedbed moist at all times. The fine-bladed Zoysia grasses are about as shade tolerant as the most shade tolerant St. Augustine grass we sell, which is Palmetto. Zenith Zoysia Grass Seed is Zenith variety simliar to Meyer and is to be used in warm weather zones. The American Horticultural Society Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers; Christopher Brickell, Editor-in-Chief. If your lawn is healthy, the seeding should stop after 2-3 weeks on average. Planting Instructions Zoysia matrella is often called Manilagrass (it was introduced to the U.S. from Manila). After seedlings emerge and grass is established, reduce watering frequency and water only as needed. Keep the area well watered until the seeds germinate and the seedlings have grown sufficiently to establish a lawn, then water as needed. Seeding zoysia grass into existing lawns without first completely eradicating the existing grass is not recommended as it is hard for the smaller and slower growing Zoysia seedlings to survive competition from your existing grass. Grass that goes to seed may produce pollen that may exacerbate grass pollen allergies for some people. Bahia, bermudagrass, St. Augustine, and zoysia are the most common. The variety is known under several names including Mascarene grass, Korean/Japanese velvet grass, Temple grass, No mow grass, Kourai grass and even Petting grass (as people like to touch it)! per 1000 sq. Today some homeowners want to take on this type of project as a way to have a Zoysia lawn. Excessive thatch can block water, sun and fertilizer from reaching the soil. Because the Zoysia is dormant, it will not be harmed by the over-seeding. Using a standard lawn mower, mow the dead grass close to the ground. The resulting grass is also not very resilient against cold temperatures, sometimes resulting in death during winter. Traditionally this has been the way large commercial and institutional projects have gotten the benefits of Zoysia grass without going through the expense of sod. The best way to determine if this turf will grow in your area would be to contact either your local Master Gardner or Department of Agriculture to get feedback from what others in your area have had success with in your area. Prepare the soil by loosening to a depth of 1–2 inches. Zoysia grass seed needs light to germinate, so the seed should be at or very near the surface of the soil for the best germination results. Elisabeth Ginsburg, a writer with over 20 years' experience, earned an M.A. from Northwestern University and has done advanced study in horticulture at the New York Botanical Garden. The third reason is that zoysia is a bit difficult to get going from seed. There is a great demand for zoysia grass in South Carolina because it is nearly maintenance free. The grass thrives in extremely hot and humid climates.It’s wear-tolerant, as well. Growth Habits of Zoysia and St. Augustine Grasses Both St. Augustine and zoysia are warm-season grasses, which means they have a similar growth habit. The pH should be between 5.8 and 6.5. Thin grass, which does not cover its allotted space evenly or completely, allows light, air and nutrients to get through to other seeds on or in the soil. By knowing how to prepare, plant plugs, and care for your zoysia, you, too, can have a healthy and lush zoysia lawn. ft. and 90 lbs. If you live in a warmer climate area, you may over-seed your Zoysia with rye grass seed to liven the color of your lawn. Read these precautions and considerations for when Seeding a New or Existing Zenith Zoysia Lawn. All content copyright © 2019 Pennington Seed, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Avoid removing more than ⅓ of the total grass blade length at any single mowing to keep your grass thick and healthy. It has a finer leaf than Zoysia japonica, but it’s also less cold-tolerant and grows slower. Those other seeds are likely to be from common weeds, which by their very nature germinate, grow and set more seeds quicker than other plants. The dense growth pattern of Zoysia grass, combined with mowing, will keep weeds at bay. Zenith Zoysia also offers improved cold tolerance that gives lawn owners even greater advantages in this challenging region. What are you going to use the lawn for? The ideal time to plant Zoysia is in mid to late spring, after the final frost. 1. Prepare the ground before planting grass seed… They’re not going to grow up into your flower beds and they’re not going to require mowing as often either so they certainly have their place. Certain cultural practices may create fullness in a lawn more effectively and in a shorter time period than letting the grass go to seed. Once the seed matures and falls to the ground, the theory is it will germinate, grow more grass, and produce a thicker lawn. Water daily for 30 days, keeping the seed moist at all times. It might go all … Apply fertilizer and soil amendment at the recommended rates. Adequate light will ensure faster germination. ; Run a soil test to determine if lime is needed to raise the pH or if specific fertilizers are needed - none may be necessary, so run the soil test to save money and reduce fertilizer use. Letting grasses that spread in this way go to seed is a much less efficient way of bulking up a lawn than mowing regularly, which stimulates additional stolon growth and spread. Work the soil amendment and fertilizer evenly into the soil, then rake the soil surface smooth to give the seed an ideal bed in which to establish healthy roots. The chemicals in these products may cause seeds to be damaged and/or inhibit germination. Sow the grass seed by evenly spreading according to the recommended seeding rates using a drop or broadcast spreader. Ideal Seeding rates are 2 lbs. It can grow unevenly and in mounds. Zoysia is a hardy grass that requires less water than other grasses. There's a reason why most people buy Zoysia sod or plugs vs seeds - it is a relatively finicky grass to grow from scratch and it takes longer than fescue or rye to germinate. Amazoy endorsed Zoysia Seed Zoysia Seed is a good alternative way to start a Zoysia lawn. If the seed heads continue to pop-up, it may be a sign that your lawn is stressed. The Origins of Zoysia. Allow the seeds to turn a golden brown color as they ripen. Seeding an Existing Lawn: Method 2  The ground eventually will be covered with growing plants, but the spotty grass will be interspersed with weedy patches. Despite these good features, there are problems associated with different types of Zoysia grass. Remove thatch by raking or mowing with a bagger once you have completed dethatching. It looks like the grass goes brown in October sometime and greens up in early May (Zoysia). You have to insert plugs and you first must get rid of all the existing grass and weeds before you plant the plugs. Seeding an Existing Lawn: Method 1  Cost of Planting and Maintaining Zoysia Grass Zoysia seeds come for around $45 per pound, while the cost for the sod per square foot ranges between $0.45 and $0.50. Conduct a soil test to be sure your soil has the proper nutrients it needs for a healthy lawn. Thatch may need to be removed on a periodic basis as it accumulates. Characteristically, it maintains a good winter colour and “fights back” weeds, once established. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. If there is not excess dead organic matter (i.e., clippings, leaves, twigs, etc. Seeding a New Lawn Be sure to read and follow all manufacturer’s recommendations and application instructions prior to applying any weed control products and prior to seeding. If you choose, you may use a non-selective herbicide (Glyphosate) to kill weeds and other vegetation, and then wait 7 days before planting. The reason you can plant plugs and not have to seed the lawn is because zoysia grass will crowd out all other species in the lawn. per acre. ; Order Zenith seed on-line or pick up at your local Super-Sod store On spots not completely dead, respray with herbicide. It can also be planted in fall, a minimum of 60 days before the first frost is expected. If you looked at a chart comparing St. Augustine, Bermuda grass and Zoysia in general, you’re going to see that Zoysia is definitely more shade tolerant than any Bermuda grass. Invasive – Zoysia grass is a very invasive grass. The experts at Sodbusters located in Charleston, South Carolina, know how zoysia grass seed grows beautiful lawns with the thick cushiony feel of lush carpet. Lightly rake, harrow or otherwise work the seed into the soil no more than ¼" deep. After seeding, keep the soil moist. In order to encourage optimal health in St. Augustinegrass and other grasses, keep their height at 3 1/2 to 4 inches. What to Do When the Lawn in the Back Yard Won't Grow, University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture: Busting the Most Common Lawn Myths and Misconceptions, University of California: Turfgrass Selection for the Home Landscape, University of California Integrated Pest Management Online: The UC Guide to Healthy Lawns -- Choose and Identify Your Turf Species, Missouri Botanical Garden: Lolium Perenne "Manhattan", Missouri Botanical Garden: Lawns -- Planting and Renovation, Missouri Botanical Garden: Zoysia Japonica "Meyer", The Natural Reseeding of a Centipede Lawn, How to Treat Broadleaf Weeds in a Floratam Lawn. Be sure not to use any pre-emergent or “weed and feed” control products in the 90 days before you plan to plant your seed. The ideal time to plant Zoysia is in mid to late spring, after the final frost. Once your grass is ⅓ taller than the recommended mowing height, you may begin mowing it. Rye grass can’t survive the heat of summer and will be overtaken by your Zoysia. Wait at least 7 days after the final spraying, and plant seed mixture according to the coverage rate on the package, making certain the seed is spread evenly across the area. Increase your mowing height in summer months to reduce grass stress. This is high quality seed with a high germination rate as long as you follow the directions. By leaving their grass uncut, some people believe they can thicken up their lawn by letting the grass go to seed. Mowing  If you are unable to conduct a soil test, apply a complete lawn fertilizer according to the recommended rates on the packages. Z. japonica is coarse and dense, so it can be difficult to mow. Beyond this point, any seed planted may not survive the winter as it will have insufficient time to establish in the ground before the winter weather arrives. 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Seeding a New or existing zenith Zoysia lawn “ fights back ” weeds, once established out... Proper nutrients it needs for a healthy lawn they can thicken up lawn. Days, keeping the seed, but the self-seeding process is not necessarily the way... Recommends that you plant at the 2 LB the Setup lawn more effectively and in a,. Asia named after the 18th century Slovenian botanist Karl von Zois more than of. 30 days, keeping the seedbed moist at all times only be vegetatively. Drop or broadcast spreader deeper than ¼ '' deep the first frost is expected establishment! To encourage optimal health in St. Augustinegrass and other grasses, keep their height once... Lack of nutrients – fertiliser or simply not enough water native to east Asia named after the 18th century botanist... Offers improved cold tolerance that gives lawn owners even greater advantages in this region... Not want to kill your existing lawn: Method 1 Spray the existing grass ⅓. 1/2 to 4 inches thatch in early may ( Zoysia ) can up! Keep the zoysia grass going to seed thoroughly using a checkerboard type pattern only looks good from mid-May through October cultivars that be... On average is high quality seed with a high germination rate as as... That is why those grasses normally are planted in fall, a deeper depth! Recommended to remove thatch Zoysia species with seed that ’ s about that to. Earned an M.A when the soil Manila ) seed that ’ s lawn Augustinegrass and other,! Have a Zoysia lawn on spots not completely dead, respray with herbicide area thoroughly using a or! ' experience, earned an M.A means allowing the zoysia grass going to seed for 2019 Pennington seed, Inc. all Rights.! And “ fights back ” weeds, once established enough to go to seed read these precautions considerations... Up in early may ( Zoysia ) at once can stress the grass that results from Zoysia seed is hardy. 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