If you are thinking of planting sugar maple trees, you probably already know that sugar maple are among the best-loved trees on the continent. Plantations of sugar maple have also been established with the intent of developing efficient, productive sugar bushes. Other Common Names/Trade Names: Hard maple Scientific Name: Acer saccharum Best Characteristics for Identification: Rays wider than pores. Red maple is one of the most abundant and widespread hardwood trees in North America (Figure 3.8). Black and sugar maples begin growth later in the spring than red or silver maple. Norway Maple is frequent in urban areas where it is planted as a street tree or invasive in vacant lots. Acer saccharum identification sugar maple tree branches Woody plants Jerry Jenkins, White Creek, N.Y. Learn how to identify sugar maple trees to make maple syrup. You will have to carry 2x as much sap from a regular maple as a sugar maple for the same amount of syrup. Thinning or release cutting will substantially shorten the age-to-tapable-size. Identifying a tree as a sugar or black maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.2 & 3.3) is easily done from the leaves by observing 5-lobed leaves, the paired opposite attachment of the leaves along the stem and the lack of teeth along the leaf margin; from the bark of older trees by observing the long plates that remain attached on one side; from the twigs by observing the opposite arrangement of buds and the relatively long, pointed, brownish terminal bud; and from the seed by observing its horseshoe shape and size. Bigleaf maple typically has a pinkish cast to it. Other Species Easily Confused With: Red maple, bigleaf maple, birches Third, like red maple, the evaporation of sap from some silver maples produces an excessive amount of sugar sand. Photo © Yann Kemper, Public Domain. Twigs are smooth and reddish-brown with sharp-pointed winter buds. A somewhat shiny, brownish, slender, relatively smooth twig with. Birches have pores wider than the rays. Sugar maple leaves will have a dark green color on the outside, and a lighter green on the underside. Flower/Fruit: Small greenish yellow flowers in early spring. Sugar Maple Tree Identification. Look closely at the color of the leaves. Each of the largest three lobes has one to several sharp-pointed tips. Black maple is more likely to be found along moist river bottoms. On young trees light gray to brown and somewhat smooth; on older trees gray to almost black with irregular plates or scales. Other popular varieties of maple trees for gardens are the Amur Maple (Acer ginnala), Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum), and the Hedge Maple tree (Acer campestre). Sugar and black maple both grow in the shade of other trees (they are shade tolerant), and trees of many different ages (sizes) are often found in a forest. Maple trees are usually grown in gardens as landscaping plants, owing to their beauty and their extensive branching system. The star of eastern North American fall foliage viewing and principle source of maple syrup. The real difference is that the Red Maple has lighter and smoother bark then the Sugar Maple. Table 3-2 contains a descriptive comparison and Figures 3.2 through 3.5 illustrate characteristic leaves, bark, twigs, and fruits of sugar, black, red and silver maple. Both species are relatively long lived, capable of living well beyond 200 years, with trunk diameters greater than 30 inches and heights greater than 100 feet. Silvery gray on young trees breaking into long thin scaly plates that give the trunks of older trees a very shaggy appearance. This week’s tree is easy to identify by its twig. The leaves of sugar maple trees are up to 8” (20 cm) long and wide. The tree produces a dense, round, compact crown when grown in the open and is used quite extensively as a shade or ornamental tree. Young trees up to 4-8 inches with smooth gray bark. Naturalists lead maple-sugaring tours showing how to identify sugar maples, tap trees, and collect sap at this Mass Audubon property. It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches and its 3lobed leaf with coarse teeth. Silver and sugar maple are easy to tell apart by leaf, buds, and growth habit. One either taps red maple or they don't sugar. Identifying a tree as a red maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.4) is done from the leaves by observing the 3 lobes (occasionally 5), the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves and the small teeth along the margin; from the bark of older trees by the presence of the scaly plates; from the twig by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short, blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the lack of an offensive odor when the bark of the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its severe V-shape and size. Second, like red maple, it begins growth in the spring, earlier than sugar and black maple, resulting in a shorter collecting season. Sugar maple trees can grow to be 100 feet tall. The two most common maples are the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and the red maple (Acer rubrum). Distinguishing between them may be more of an academic exercise than one useful in sugar bush management because (1) they are essentially identical in quality as sugar trees, and (2) they often hybridize producing trees with a range of characteristics, making it difficult to clearly distinguish between them. When compared to sugar, black and red maple, silver maple is a distinctly fourth choice for sugaring for several reasons. It is not unusual to find many trees in a sugar bush well in excess of 3 percent, and occasionally higher. Other Common Names/Trade Names: Hard maple Like the white ash, the sugar maple is one of the few trees with opposite leaf buds. Thinning or release cutting dramatically reduces this age-to-tapable-size. Suffers from salt, drought, and air pollution. Nevertheless, large silver maple street trees are numerous in many areas and these are sometimes tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Sugar sand can cause several problems during the production process. Uses: Veneer, lumber, furniture, cabinets, flooring, pulp General Natural Range: Minnesota south to Arkansas. The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) is a common tree in northeastern North America, prized for its wood, its brilliant fall foliage and its sap for maple syrup in the spring.Like the white ash, the sugar maple is … Silver maple is a rapidly growing maple found throughout much of the eastern United States and extreme southeastern Canada, where it is often tapped (sometimes heavily) in a particular location (Figure 3.9). Healthy sugar and black maple trees growing in overstocked uneven-aged or even-aged stands can be expected to achieve tapable size in 40 to 60 years, depending on overall site quality. Sugar and black maple are particularly attractive as sugar trees because of their high sap sugar content and the late date at which they begin growth in the spring. [1] X Research source The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). Acer saccharum, the sugar maple, is a species of flowering plant in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae.It is native to the hardwood forests of eastern Canada, from Nova Scotia west through southern Quebec, central and southern Ontario to southeastern Manitoba around Lake of the Woods, and northcentral and … The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). Its use as an ornamental and street tree, at least in urban areas, has been discontinued in recent years because the wood of silver maple is very brittle and often breaks in severe wind, snow or ice storms. Susceptible to leaf scorch, verticillium wilt, tar spot and anthracnose. Maple Tree Identification. The space between the five pointed lobes of sugar maple leaves is U-shaped with a rounded base. Like all maples, the leaves, buds and twigs of all four are attached in pairs opposite each other along the branches. Although it develops best on moderately well-drained to well-drained, moist soils, it commonly grows in conditions ranging from dry ridges to swamps. Both species have been planted extensively as roadside trees which are often tapped as part of a sugaring operation. Two years after the introduction of the Newton Cemetery tree, Mr. Temple introduced another upright maple which he called Monumentale. Similar to sugar maple but usually darker and more deeply grooved or furrowed. Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps. It has a dense crown of leaves, which turn various shades of gold to scarlet in fall.Its three- to five-lobed leaves appear after the greenish yellow flowers of spring. Older trees developing furrows and ultimately long, irregular, thick vertical plates that appear to peal from the trunk in a vertical direction. Genetic research on sugar maple suggests that the sap sugar content of planted seedlings can be increased by controlled breeding. Identifying Norway Maple and Sugar Maple Trees Many maple trees live in the forests that line the valley and bluff of the Illinois River. The sap of Norway maple is not commonly used to produce maple syrup. Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) is a deciduous tree known for brilliant fall colors and sap that is the primary source for maple syrup.For over 300 years, the Sugar Maple has played an important part in the diet of many Americans. In the fall, sugar maple leaves will lose their green color and take on a beautiful orange, yellow, or red. Hard maple or sugar maple trees produce a high quality timber and yield maple syrup. sugar maple Aceraceae Acer saccharum Marshall symbol: ACSA3 Leaf: Opposite, simple and palmately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, 5 delicately rounded lobes, entire margin; green above, paler below. Does not do well in a restricted root zone situation; tolerates shade better than most maples; leaf scorch may develop with drought; moderate pollution … The leaf edge will not have any serrated teeth. Also the Red Maple has a bitter sap as compared to the Sugar Maple. Maple Tree Identification. The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. Both species are also found in stands composed of trees that are essentially all the same age (size). 3-5 inches wide; 5lobed (rarely 3-lobed); bright green upper surface and a paler green lower surface; leaf margin without fine teeth (compare with red and silver maple). The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) is a common tree in northeastern North America, prized for its wood, its brilliant fall foliage and its sap for maple syrup in the spring. Once you have established you tree is part of the Acer family, you need … The sugar maples are found in almost all places in the United States. The silhouette of the sugar maple leaf is the … Similar to red maple but bruised or scraped bark has a very fetid or foul odor. However, for sugaring, red maple does have three important weaknesses. It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches, its 3-lobed leaf with fine teeth on the margin, and striping on the branches and young trunks. Maple sugar, red maple have typically 5 lobes and Japanese maple between 5 to 7 lobes. The leaves are bright green and the underside is light green. Pests include borers and cottony maple scale. Also, all four produce a fruit called a samara (or double samara), which is a pair of connected, winged seeds. Smooth grayish bark on the trunk and branches gradually furrows with age. The way to tell Red Maple and Sugar Maple apart is by the bark. Four states have picked this tree as their state tree – New York, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Vermont – and it is also the national tree of Canada. Mountain maple is essentially a shrub. Striped maple is a small slender tree which rarely attains tapable size. North through all of New England, southern Quebec and Ontario, and the Canadian Maritimes. In some areas of the commercial maple range, red maple is the only maple present on many sites. In other areas, red maple may be tapped along with sugar and black maples. One exotic maple, Norway maple (Acer platanoides), is commonly planted as an ornamental and street tree and will attain tapable size. Sugar Maple Tree. Throughout much of the commercial maple region, however, most maple producers will not tap silver maple. For this reason, it has been widely planted as an ornamental and street tree. Horseshoe-shaped double-winged fruit with parallel or slightly divergent wings. Sugar maple or Acer saccharum. Probably no other species of forest tree, certainly no hardwood, can thrive on a wider variety of soil types and sites. Sugar maple Leaf: 3 to 6" opposite, simple leaf with 3 to 5 lobes; excellent fall color - yellow, orange and red tones. Sugar maple occurs naturally throughout most of the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.6). East to the Appalachian Mountains. If these species occur in a sugarbush it is important to be able to identify them. The leaves of the Sugar Maple usually have five squarish, shallow lobes. That really does not mean much because most of the hard boiling is driving off water the more concentrated the syrup is. There is a moderately deep U-shaped notch between the lobes. The term "buddy sap" is often applied to late season sap which produces syrup with a very disagreeable flavor and odor. In addition, when the sap of some red maples is processed, an excessive amount of sugar sand is produced. Flower: Light yellow-green, small, clustered, hanging from a long, slender (1 to 3 inch) stem, appearing with or slightly before … … Secondly, red maple begins growth in the spring before sugar and black maples, resulting in a shorter collecting season. Mature leaves have a whitish appearingunderside. They should not be confused with the desirable maple species when performing management practices such as thinning or release cuts. Considerable red is seen in bark pattern as scales develop. Sugar sand or niter is the salt that precipitates during the evaporation process. This is a blog about tree branches: what they look like, how they develop, how they differ between species, and how you can use them to identify trees in winter. Both species can be found growing in pure stands, with each other, or with a wide variety of other hardwood species including American beech, American basswood, yellow birch, black cherry, northern red oak, yellow poplar and black walnut. 5-7 inches wide; deeply clefted; 5-lobed with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip; light green upper surface and a silvery white underside; leaf margin with fine teeth (but not the inner edges of the sinuses). The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 40 m (131 ft) high. Acer saccharum identification sugar maple tree branches Woody plants Jerry Jenkins, White Creek, N.Y. This is the geographic area of greatest abundance of sugar maple ( Acer saccharum) and black maple ( Acer nigrum ), … Identifying a silver maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.5) is done from the leaves by observing the 5 lobes with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip, the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves, the presence of fine teeth along the margin but not on the inner sides of the sinuses and the silvery white underside; from the bark of older trees by the trunk's shaggy appearance; from the twigs by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the presence of a fetid or foul odor when the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its V-shape and size. It is recognized by the opposite paired arrangements of its leaves and branches, its 7lobed leaf without marginal teeth, and its 11/2 to 2 inch long samara with divergent wings (Figure 3.12). This is the geographic area of greatest abundance of sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and black maple (Acer nigrum), the two most preferred and most commonly tapped maple species. Northeast United States & Southern Canada, Northeast United States & Southeast Canada, Southeast United States Coastal Plain & Piedmont. Scientific Name:  Acer saccharum Its form and bark make this an attractive tree in the winter as well. There are thirteen native maple species in North America (Table 3-1). North through all of New … A fourth maple species, silver maple (Acer saccharinum), is sometimes tapped, particularly in roadside operations, and is often confused with red maple. Sugar maple leaves are three to five inches wide and have five lobes with a round base. Sugar Maple ( Acer saccharum) Lobes pointed, but leaf margins smooth (not serrated) between points, with U-shaped regions in larger spaces between lobe tips. The high sugar content of the Sugar Maple’s sap makes it ideal for tapping. Silver maple's growth rate often responds dramatically to thinning or release cutting. The tree likes Sun to half-shade,brown leaf margins indicate a lack of water. Because sugar and black maple resume growth later than red or silver maple, sap may be collected later in the spring. Sugar Maples can be identified based on the following characteristics: Sugar and black maple are very similar species and unquestionably the most preferred species for producing maple products, primarily because of their high sugar content. Based on the results of a study in a New Jersey natural area, there is concern that in forests managed for native vegetation, Norway Maple will reproduce more vigorously than the native Sugar Maple, and therefore, may out compete Sugar Maple … It is commercially important as a source of maple syrup, maple sugar, and hardwood lumber useful in furniture manufacture … Introduction: Sugar maple, with its beautiful form and brilliant, multicolored display of fall color, is a popular shade tree in eastern North America.It is known for its quality wood and abundant sugar. Trees planted by colonial settlers survive to this day, often with large, gnarly trunks and deeply fissured bark. sugar maple Aceraceae Acer saccharum Marshall symbol: ACSA3 Leaf: Opposite, simple and palmately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, 5 delicately rounded lobes, entire margin; green above, paler below. Sugar maple trees have 5-lobed leaves (3 large lobes and 2 small lobes). Compared to sugar and black maple, red maple is a relatively short-lived tree, rarely living longer than 150 years. North through all of New England, southern Quebec and Ontario, and the Canadian Maritimes. Furthermore, some maples produce a bird’s-eye or curly wood, which is high prized for its beauty. Other things being equal, higher sap sugar content translates to lower costs of production and greater profits. Common North American Maple Species . As maples begin their growth, chemical changes occur in the sap which make it unsuitable for syrup production. Facts About Sugar Maple Trees. East to the Appalachian Mountains. You might be well accustomed to maple syrup, that has an extensive use in making desserts. East to the Appalachian Mountains. Young trees up to 4-8 inches with a smooth light gray bark, developing into gray or black ridges and ultimately narrow scaly plates. Canada; The sugar maple tree may grow to a height of 40 metres (130 feet). To do this, begin by counting lobes of leaves. There only slight overlap in habitat: silver maple usually grows closer to water and sugar maple on well-drained sites. Black maple, on the other hand, occupies a much smaller natural range (Figure 3.7). Red Maple Tree Similar to sugar maple with, perhaps, a slightly larger seed. This is a blog about tree branches: what they look like, how they develop, how they differ between species, and how you can use them to identify trees in winter. Bigleaf or Acer macrophyllum. Sugar maple is an emblematic and common tree of the New England landscape, widely planted along roadsides and sugar bushes in order to harvest its maple syrup. Means of Distinguishing Similar Species : Wood is typically lighter in color than red maple. The Sugar Maple is botanically called Acer saccharum . Fruits mature in fall. Sugar and black maples are found on a variety of soils and site conditions, but neither tolerates excessively wet or dry sites, and both grow best on moist, deep, well-drained soils. The presence of the Sugar Maple leaf on the Canadian flag illustrates the importance of this tree in Canada. Silver and sugar maple are easy to tell apart by leaf, buds, and growth habit. Sugar maple trees have dark green leaves that turn red, orange, or yellow in the fall. First, the sap sugar content of red maple will be less, on the average, than that of nearby comparable sugar or black maples, perhaps by 1/2 percent or more. This lower sap sugar content translates to higher costs of production and lower profits. On good sites with little competition from other trees, silver maple diameter growth may approach 1/2 inch per year (rates as high as 1 inch per year have been recorded). First, its sugar content is usually lower than red maple's, perhaps as much as 1/2 percent or more, which means even higher production costs and lower profits. 130-150 years. at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy. From the perspective of producing maple syrup, red maple's most attractive characteristic is its ability to thrive on a wide variety of site conditions. The fruits are paired samaras. It is important to emphasize that good, high-quality maple syrup can be made from red maple sap. Sugar Maple Tree Identification Sugar maple trees can grow to be 100 feet tall. Under natural conditions, silver maple is primarily a bottomland and floodplain species, where it may occur in pure stands but is more commonly found associated with other bottom species such as American elm, sweetgum, pin oak, swamp white oak, eastern cottonwood, sycamore, and/or green ash. 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