Should be divided approximately every three years. These tall bushes also produce a beautiful show of white flowers in the spring. The dried roots have long been roasted and used as a coffee substitute. If you have the space, consider one early season producer (i.e. Readily self-seeds. Possibilities include strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, huckleberries, saskatoons, thimbleberries, and cloudberries … Also thought to have numerous medicinal properties. There is no comparing the wonderful flavour of homegrown strawberries to the chemically-fed, commercially produced varieties that travel thousands of kilometers to our store shelves. Regular chives and garlic chives (Allium tuberosum) are snipped and added to eggs, stir fries, soups, and salads whenever and onion or garlic flavour is desired. This member of the Honeysuckle genus, also called “Honeyberry”, or "Haskap" bears large purple, tart berries that are good for fresh eating or for use in juices, jams and syrups and for fresh eating. The plant and flowers are edible… species of Canada, each with a beautiful colour photo and/or artist's drawing. Most Gooseberries will grow to about 1 meter in height and width. Hardy Kiwi is a smaller (large grape-sized) fruit with a sweet and delicious taste. Rubus idaeus, the wild raspberry native to Alberta, bears fewer and smaller fruits but they are of exceptional taste. Mature plants will reach over 5 meters in height. Most of these plants have been listed in other sections above owing to their importance as edible species. Salad burnet’s plump leaves have a slightly nutty and cucumber taste that works very well in salads, soups, herb vinegars and as an alternative coleslaw. Alternatively, several varieties can be grafted on to one tree for the same effect. will tolerate partial shade. Lemon balm dries easily for winter use. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants … These antioxidant rich berries resemble blueberries in colour and size, and do extremely well as either jam or in a pie. There are two species that produce somewhat edible fruit: Canadian Buffaloberry (Sheperdia Canadensis) and Silver Buffaloberry (Sheperdia argentia). Leaves. Basil prefers a hot and sunny location in a lighter, sandy soil. edible and medicinal plant species, link to the Plants for a Future database. Sage is a beautiful plant whose long pale green leaves and white or purple flowers add interest to the garden. Because they flower very early, apricots frequently suffer damage to blossoms from late frosts and are not reliable producers in Alberta. It has long been used as a ground cover and can be heavily walked on and mown if desired. ‘Early Gold’, ‘Golden Spice’, ‘Ure’, ‘Prairie Sweet’, ‘Summer Crisp’ and ‘Roppo’ are good selections for eating and canning. When those … For many people, the phrase “edible plants” conjures up neat rows of carrots, peas and corn. The dark blue variety, ‘Valiant’, is very hardy and a good producer. Respect endangered species. Once the bane of the urban homeowner’s existence, the nutritional and medicinal benefits of the lowly dandelion are making a comeback. Sea Buckthorn can be aggressive. Red clover also adds nitrogen to the soil through the symbiotic relationship between select soil bacteria and plant roots. Its most common uses are in poultry, stuffing, with eggs and as a flavouring for oils. How to Grow Roses From Cuttings Fast and Easy | Rooting Rose Cuttings with a 2 Liter … The wide variety of mints available offer numerous flavours and uses. The plants are shrub like, growing to a maximum of 8 feet and are reported to be quite drought tolerant. Most mints establish quickly and tend to spread rapidly. Service Tree (Sorbus domestica) is a European species of Mountain Ash that features pear or apple shaped reddish and yellow fruit with the taste and texture of “spiced pears”. Pears require 2 varieties for pollination. Most mints are knocked back every few years by colder winter temperatures. Because it its growth habit is matt-like, it works well as a gound cover. Confining them, to a pot dug into the ground may be a useful strategy. Bloody dock is reported to have anti-cancer properties. Low bush varieties produce small fruit and tolerate Alberta winters well. Plants which produce edible leaves are probably the most numerous of all plant foods. Leaves are generally used in soups, salads, and with beans, rice, fish and poultry. Lovage grows as a vigorous bushy perennial with leaves that have the strong taste of celery. Several edible weeds have ‘toxic look-alikes.’ Use a reputable foraging guidebook or plant identification app, and take classes or hire a professional guide to teach you. Native to the prairies, anise hyssop is a strikingly beautiful tall plant with spikes of purple flowers. Start with the number-one habitat for wild edible plants — your lawn. The berries are said to have a sweetness to them with an herblike aftertaste and can be incorporated into your diet via smoothies, trail mixes, added to salads, or just eaten raw. Good King Henry (Chenopodium bonus-henricus). With a similar taste to angelica, the seeds of anise in particular are often used in cookies, cakes, and breads. Buzz Edibles is a leading supplier of cannabis edibles in Alberta. Young leaves are the nicest. While the traditional garden vegetables and field crops can certainly find their place within an “edible landscape”, the possibilities for urbanites to produce a bounty of fruits, berries, culinary herbs, plants for tea, edible flowers, and unique perennial vegetables provide for many more exciting possibilities. Very popular in Asian and Latin American cooking, cilantro adds a fresh and sharp taste to foods. They … In fact, most Canadians don’t even know about these delicious and hardy berries, as they are not widely available in many provinces east of us. Sage is most famous for seasoning stuffings and meats but can also be used in breads, cheese, vegetables and to flavour oils. Hyssop is best as a tea when mixed with spearmint or lemon balm. Chervil is used in soups, stews, salads, and in meat and bean dishes. Technically Zone 4 but can survive winters with protection. The striking pink, red, or purple blossoms can be added to salads. Below is a list of the most common plants in Alberta. I won’t be trying these however, as people on blood thinners or diabetics (which I am) can have adverse reactions to them. Salad Burnet’s plump leaves have a slightly nutty and cucumber taste that works very well in salads, soups, herb vinegars and as an alternative coleslaw. Rosemary is a relatively slow growing herb and is therefore often grown in pots and brought indoors for the winter in colder climates. Very productive and spreading plant. Sage does not always survive our winters and needs some additional protection from the cold. Grows best in partial shade. Its large veined leaves also make an interesting display in a bed or border. Highbush cranberry is native to Alberta and produces abundant edible, though somewhat astringent, fruit. There are many, many, varieties of apples, crabapples and applecrabs that will grow well in Alberta. Based on their breeding work since the 1940’s, the University of Saskatchewan has recently made available a new series of prairie hardy cherries that produce abundant, large sized fruit that are a cross between sweet and sour cherries in taste. ‘Martin’, ‘Northline’, and ‘ Smoky’ have an upright shrub-like form while ‘Altaglow’, ‘Honeywood’, ‘Theissen’, and ‘Pembina’ grow more tree-like from a single stem. Native to Alberta, they take readily to a variety of soil conditions and are very attractive to insects. They are frequently used in lotions for cleansing and beautifying the skin. This perennial relative of the carrot produces a delicate fern like foliage and delicate white flower umbels. Native to the prairies, the Riverbank grape (Vitis riparia) is very hardy but produces little fruit. Several pear varieties are well adapted to the Edmonton climate. The flowers of red clover have long been known to have many positive health effects including anti cancer properties. We have not included lists of the traditional annual vegetables, assuming that most of us are pretty familiar with them (although there are many less known exciting annual vegetables to try out as well!). We are lucky, and you will likely agree once you browse through the few samples that I am about to explain. If you are already a fan of this superfood, you know how expensive they are to buy in the store. Copyright © 2020 Salisbury Landscaping • 52337 Range Road 232 Brentwood Blvd. rosemary and mint), which come from the green leafy parts of plants, and spices (e.g. Cherry plums, a cross between plums and sand cherries, also do well on the prairies. The plants grow to around 5 feet in height and width in our climate. Artic raspberry, (Rubus articus ssp. Native to to the prairies, Beebalm is renown for attracting bees and other beneficial insects to the garden. The 2 types that I am trying this year are Tundra and Borealis, which should produce berries in late June and July. orientalis) is a type of Russian Olive that bears abundant date-like fruits that are sweet and good fro fresh eating or drying. There are many other unusual and rare fruit trees making their way to North America. Until dried or cooked, stinging nettle leaves … High bush will produce larger berries and produce many more, yet these bushes are not as hardy and may fall victim to winterkill. The taste is similar to a blueberry with a hint of wildness. Prefer a sandy soil. They are frost tolerant and prefer sun or part shade. What to Look For: Sponge-like holes and ridges in hollow black, white or … Listed below are a number of plants that can be used as ground cover – that is, they can handle walking traffic and can be mowed periodically to keep them tighter to the ground. There are a few universal rules to foraging edible plants; it’s not a law but everyone tends to abide. Not only is Betony an attractive addition to the garden with its purple flower spikes, it also has a flavour very similar to black tea without the caffeine. As George Carlin always liked to remind us “blueberries, blue on the bush, purple in the pie”. Edible Flowers of the Prairies - Tasty florals, tips on petal selection and recipes. the variety in Alberta is Redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus). Each entry has a nice photo (some have multiple photos), as well as information on the medicinal use and edible (or inedible) parts of the plant… The young cucumber-flavoured leaves of borage make a nice addition to salads. Grow some this year and save yourself a lot of money, and enjoy them fresh off the shrub. The young leaves of chicory can be added to salads or cooked up like a chard. Great for using fresh in vegetable dishes, soups, stews and stir fries. Summer-bearing varieties bear fruit on second-year canes called “floricanes”. Edible products could translate into $2.7 billion worth of sales in the next year, according to Deloitte's June report on the country's cannabis industry. Most children love to avoid the prickles while enjoying a feast of handpicked raspberries on a hot summer day. Hyssops have a unique somewhat minty fragrance that stands out in the garden. Flowers are often added to cold drinks as a garnish. Go organic. Mints are used in salads, soups, with lamb, and in vegetable dishes. Due to their low growing and spreading nature, strawberries also make an excellent ground cover. Leaves can also be used in soups, stews and salads. Borage attracts bees and butterflies in abundance to the garden. Before you go and waste any money on less … Raspberries can work very well in the urban landscape as a hedge or screen with select varieties reaching over 2 meters in height. There are many varieties of thyme but the most vigorous and hardy for our climate is the wild thyme or “mother of thyme”, Thymus pulegioides. Happy Holidays! Some varieties are reportedly hardy to zone 3 but even those may need protection in our climate. Nettles make an excellent spinach substitute and can be added to soups and stews. If you are lucky enough to already be healthy though, these might give you the antioxidant boost you’ve been looking for. An easy to grow, long living perennial that adds an interesting “spiky” texture to the garden and a splash of purple colour when in bloom. Red clover handles traffic well and needs little water to survive. Parsley is a biennial that is usually grown as an annual. Plums also require two compatible cultivars for cross-pollination. Burdock (Arctium lappa) This plant is easy to spot if you look for the annoying burrs. Whether red, yellow, orange or purple, they are all sure to please and they really don’t require much care to thrive (although the deep purple are by far, my choice). They are also packed with fibre, fat-free and low in calories. Edible & Medicinal Plants of the Rockies ... 5.0 out of 5 stars Awesome book with a lot of information relevant to Alberta… For detailed information please see Blueberries 101. This variety of chamomile, also known as Roman chamomile, is much less invasive than the German chamomiles. The flowers, which resemble phlox, are deep lavender, and sometimes pink to white. https://www.skilledsurvival.com/popular-edible-plants-flowers-usa It is also used in teas and baths as a natural calming agent. Male and female plants are required for fruit production. For herbs in Alberta, check out Inspired Market Gardens. ‘Dolgo’, ‘Columbia’, and ‘Artic Red’ are three popular edible varieties. Catnip is strongly attractive to cats and should be planted in chicken wire or some other enclosure. Not only do these selections provide food however, but they can also create a very diverse, dynamic and beautiful urban landscape that will support birds, butterflies and other creatures as well. The following list provides a good start for those interested in having a variety of edibles growing in their own yards, communities or public spaces. ‘Norda’, ‘Harcourt’, ‘Brookland’, ‘September Ruby’) and one late-season producer (i.e. This is not the best option. It is also dried and ground into a powder or juiced as a supposedly nutrient dense superfood. You can choose between low bush and high bush varieties, depending on your growing area, however if I had to choose one, I would choose a hybrid of the two, which grows to about 3′ tall and produces bountiful numbers of bright blue berries. Foraging Wild Plants Rules 101. Dill grows up to 4 feet tall or more and is best used at the rear of the garden bed. Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships ‘Fedorovsk’ is perhaps the hardiest but not the best eating. The team planted edibles plants including, beans and peppers into … The delicious young shoots of asparagus provide an early spring harvest year after year once established. Edible plants in Alberta 2:11 This story was originally published on June 27. leaves are suitable as a potherb. I am also told that deer do not seem to like them, so you are more likely to be able to keep what grows. My favorite is the blueberry and they are actually native to northern Alberta. ‘Goodman’, ‘Rescue’, ‘Rosybrook’, and ‘Trailman’ are good eating varieties. Buffalo Berry is native to the prairie and Aspen parkland of Alberta. Used extensively in Biodynamic practises. Oreganos are most commonly used in tomato sauces, with meats, and in vegetable seasonings. Most mints establish quickly and tend to spread rapidly. Pin Cherry (Prunus pensylvanica), and Choke Cherry (Prunus virginiana) are sweet cherries that are native to Alberta and very hardy. The Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society hiking guide takes a food columnist out to enjoy a beautiful day in nature. Also called “walking onion”, This mild-flavoured, perennial onion develops bulbs at the top of its slender leaves, and not at the base like most onions. Prune out the dead canes yearly and your raspberries will thrill the kids and adults alike for many years. It includes all of the major plant, tree, shrub, etc. Hyssops are said to provide some of the best nectar for honey. Stay Warm with Our Holiday Playlist, 5 Family-Friendly Winter Activities to Do in Your Yard, The Safest, Easiest Way to Hang Christmas Lights, From Our Perspective: Why We Love What We Do, Why 2021 is the Year to Upgrade Your Landscape. Josta Berries are a cross between black currants and gooseberry which produces larger, sweeter berries. They identify and taste wild edible berries, leaves and plants near the Sibbald Flats area of southern Alberta… Check us out here for info on cannabis edibles, and other CBD & THC products. info@salisburylandscaping.ca | 780 410 0611. While many species are not edible, others offer a tart flesh that is high enjoyed by many. Dec 6, 2015 - Explore Amy Thorn Porchamour's board "Medicinal and edible weeds in Alberta" on Pinterest. Usually hardy to the prairies, oregano is sometimes grown as an annual though it can survive our winters particularly if protected with snow or mulch. The peppery aroma of summer sage makes it very popular in the seasoning of beans, chicken, fish and in soups and sauces. ‘Norland’, ‘Westland’, or ‘Sunnybrook’), one mid-season producer (i.e. Fewer and smaller fruits but they are said to have very strong iron... 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