Thus, the northern region of the country has a Muslim majority, being primarily made up of territory of the indigenous Sokoto Caliphate. The new currency went public on 28 January 1968, and the Nigerian pound was not accepted as an exchange unit. On the back of the 5-shilling note is a picture of four Ibo girls, and surrounding the value of the note to the left is a manilla. The currency of Biafra had been the Nigerian pound, until the Bank of Biafra started printing out its own notes, the Biafran pound. The Republic of Biafra comprised over 29,848 square miles (77,310 km2) of land,[1] with terrestrial borders shared with Nigeria to the north and west, and with Cameroon to the east. The group was set up with the intention of breaking away from Nigeria to form an independent nation of Biafra. [51] Since August 1999, protests have erupted in cities across Nigeria’s south-east. [66] The Nigerian military killed at least 17 unarmed Biafrans in the city of Onitsha prior to a march on 30 May 2016 commemorating the 49th anniversary of Biafra’s 1967 declaration of independence. [7] It was purported that at the start of the civil war, Igbos withdrew their funds from Nigerian banks and converted it to the Biafran currency. Police and Army units from Kaduna had to be brought in to restore order. by the help of chukwu okike abiama puru ime ihe nine, i took my time to design what i believe should be the through biafran currency which is "the biafran cowry", i designed it with love, and i hope it will find favour with you and every biafran world wide, in the name of chukwu okike abiama puru ime ihe nine. Many others have been injured and/or arrested. Its territory consisted of the Eastern Region of Nigeria. This administration of the Nigerian federal government was widely perceived to be corrupt. The predominant language of Biafra was Igbo. The Biafran pound was the currency of the breakaway Republic of Biafra between 1968 and 1970. Muslim officers named a General from a small ethnic group (the Angas) in central Nigeria, General Yakubu “Jack” Gowon, as the head of the Federal Military Government (FMG). Copyright © 2020. Thus the northern Sudan and Sahelian Savannah region of the country is made up of Muslim majority, while the southern population was predominantly Christian and Animist. It is estimated that a total of £115–140 million Biafran pounds were in circulation by the end of the war. [32], In 1969 new notes were introduced: £10, £5, £1, 10/- and 5/-. There were only two denominations in the first issue (five shillings and one pound) as the move was done to deflate the economy. War-exposed men marry later and have fewer children. However, Nigeria saw the Biafrans as rebels who were seizing control of the Eastern Region, and determined that force was necessary to bring the recalcitrant state back under the control of the central government. The Biafra currency will be called the Biafra Pound. Wednesday 20th January, 2021, Posted on There is also the usual text associated with any bank note – the name of the country ‘Republic of Biafra’, the name of the bank ‘Bank of Biafra’, promise text and value. [32] The first issue of the bank notes included only 5 shillings notes and 1 pound notes. [a] Biafra received aid from non-state actors, including Joint Church Aid, Holy Ghost Fathers of Ireland,[2] and under their direction Caritas International,[3] and U.S. Catholic Relief Services. The currency of Biafra had been the Nigerian pound until the Bank of Biafra started printing out its own notes, the Biafran pound. In the mid-1960s economic and political instability and ethnic friction characterized Nigerian public life. Click here for collectible banknotes! [13] In his personal writings from his travels, a Rev. The report also stated that the United Nations (UN) gave the World Bank an order to start printing the new Biafra currency, two days past. 3 of 1967”. The … He released on bail on 24 April 2017 after spending more than 19 months without trial of his treason charges. It mainly operated in the Niger River delta and along the Niger River. Currency Name: Biafran Pound: System: 1 Pound = 20 Shillings, 1 Shilling = 12 Pence: Description: The Biafran pound was the currency of the breakaway Republic of Biafra between 1968 and 1970. Biafra: Traditional Marriage Outside Biafra-land A Taboo To Biafra Tradition And Culture When the Head is weak the whole body gets affected. The name given to the new state was ‘The Republic of Biafra’, the republic taking its name from the Bight of Biafra, on which it had its coast. As reported that World bank will not start printing the new Biafra currency until Nnamdi Kanu present his signature on it. After Nigeria announced its currency would no longer be legal tender (to make way for a new currency), this effort increased. Biafra, still conjures false sense of one region based on the old four-regional structure. Resources The people of Biafra will have plenty of Crude Oil, Oil Palm and other cash crops like Yam, Cassava, etc, to play with. [32], It is estimated that a total of £115–140 million Biafran pounds were in circulation by the end of the conflict, with a population of about 14 million, approximately £10 per person.[32]. These doctors, led by Kouchner, concluded that a new aid organisation was needed that would ignore political/religious boundaries and prioritise the welfare of victims. The new Biafra is an emergency but the emergency we are confronted with today is completely different from that of the old Biafra. The apparent domination of the political system by the North, and the chaos breaking out across the country, motivated elements within the military to consider decisive action. Its coast was on the Gulf of Guinea of the South Atlantic Ocean in the south. At the beginning of the war Biafra had 3,000 soldiers, but at the end of the war, the soldiers totalled 30,000. Biafra, officially the Republic of Biafra, was a state in West Africa which existed from 30 May 1967 to January 1970; it was made up of the states in the Southern Region of Nigeria. Biafra, secessionist western African state that unilaterally declared its independence from Nigeria in May 1967. [33] A second decree, “Decree No. [53], In July 2006 the Center for World Indigenous Studies reported that government-sanctioned killings were taking place in the southeastern city of Onitsha, because of a shoot-to-kill policy directed toward Biafrans, particularly members of the MASSOB. [60][61] On 23 December 2015, Kanu was detained and charged with charges that amounting to treason against the Nigerian state. see more iseee, iseee, iseee. [64], According to the South-East Based Coalition of Human Rights Organizations, security forces under the directive of the federal government have killed 80 members of the Indigenous People of Biafra and their supporters between 30 August 2015 and 9 February 2016 in a renewed clampdown on the campaign. An early institution created by the Biafran government was the Bank of Biafra, accomplished under “Decree No. The first issue of the bank notes included only 5 shillings notes and 1 pound notes. In February 1969, a second family of notes was issued consisting of 5 … The group was set up with the intention of breaking away from Nigeria to form an independent nation of Biafra. The notes are signed by the ‘Governor’ and a ‘Director’ of the Bank of Biafra. [62][63] Self-determination is not a crime in Nigerian law. The currency of Biafra had been the Nigerian pound until the Bank of Biafra started printing out its own notes, the Biafran pound. Exposure to a primary education program mitigates the impacts of war exposure on education. Europeans served in the Biafran cause; German-born Rolf Steiner was a lieutenant colonel assigned to the 4th Commando Brigade and Welshman Taffy Williams served as a Major until the very end of the conflict. The currency of the breakaway Republic of Biafra between 1968 and 1970 was Biafran pound. [76], On 31 July 2020, the Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra / Biafra Independence Movement (BIM-MASSOB) joined the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO).[77][78]. The currency of Biafra had been the Nigerian pound until the Bank of Biafra started printing out its own notes, the Biafran pound. Nevertheless, the Igbo faced some devastating consequences, particularly economically as the Biafran currency that people had accumulated became worthless. Biafra ceased to exist as an independent state in January 1970. This became law in the Abandoned Properties Act (28 September 1979). The current state of Nigerian … The Biafra currency will be called the Biafra Pound. Biafra, officially the Republic of Biafra, is a subsumed state in West Africa that existed from May 1967 to January 1970 and also before the creation of Nigeria by Britain. He has since been released and has been rearrested and released more than five times. Col Benjamin Adekunle is seen here with left hand on the artillery gun. [32] Biafra attempted to finance the war through foreign exchange. With the help of other French doctors, Kouchner put Biafra in the media spotlight and called for an international response to the situation. Biafra Currency To Begin Full Circulation In Biafra Land - IPOB / MASSOB Set To Issue Biafra Currency In Exchange Of Naira / Biafra Currency Exchange Rate (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) ( Reply ) ( Go Down ) The two coups deepened Nigeria’s ethnic tensions. He was invited this morning (Friday, July 18, 2020) to come and sign the currency. A series of coins was issued in 1969; 3 pence, 6 pence, 1 shilling and 2½ shilling coins were minted, all made of aluminium. In 1945 an ethnic riot[17] flared up in Jos in which Hausa-Fulani people targeted Igbo people and left many dead and wounded. [50] MASSOB accuses Nigeria of marginalising Biafran people. [6] After the surrender of Biafra, some Igbos who had fled the conflict returned to their properties but were unable to claim them back from new occupants. [58][59] The Nigerian Government, through its broadcasting regulators, the Broadcasting Organisation of Nigerian and Nigerian Communications Commission, has sought to clamp down on Radio Biafra with limited success. Westerners especially resented the political domination of the Northern People’s Congress, many of whose candidates ran unopposed in the election. The Genesis The currency of Biafra had been the Nigerian pound, until the Bank of Biafra started printing out its own notes, the Biafran pound. Monday 11th January, 2021, Posted on Naira has completely lost its value. By October 1967, the FMG had regained the land after intense fighting. Main article: Nigerian Civil War, In 1960, Nigeria became independent of the United Kingdom. The four most senior officers of Northern origin were also killed. [32], The bank was first located in Enugu, but due to the ongoing war, it was relocated several times. [36], The international humanitarian organisation Médecins Sans Frontières originated in response to the suffering in Biafra. Just view this as it's: NAIRA EXCHANGE RATE vs AFRICAN COUNTRIES; Biafra: 1 Pound = 156 Naira South Africa: Rand 1 = 13 Naira Angola: 1 kwanza = 2 Naira Botswana: 1 Pula = 18 Naira Cape Verde: 1 Escudo = 2 Naira Algeria: 1 Dinar = 2 Naira Egypt: 1 Pound = 25 Naira This article examines the recent re-release of the Biafran pound currency, previously used by the breakaway Republic of Biafra between 1968 and 1970, by the separatist-revival group the Movement for the Actualization of a Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) in south-eastern Nigeria. Thank you for visiting our website and for your interest in our endeavour. For mother and child health, the largest impacts stem from adolescent exposure.”[47], The Movement for the Actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra (MASSOB) emerged in 1999 as a nonviolent and Biafran nationalist group, associated with Igbo nationalism. Detailed information about the coin 1 Pound, Biafra, with pictures and collection and swap management : mintage, descriptions, metal, weight, size, value and other numismatic data Numista Coins Banknotes User names Forum [10], Early modern maps of Africa from the 15th to the 19th centuries, drawn from accounts written by explorers and travellers, show references to Biafra, Biafra,[11][12] and Biafares. Posted on In February 1969, a second family of notes was issued consisting of 5 shilling, 10 shilling, £1, £5 and £10 … Resources The people of Biafra will have plenty of Crude Oil, Oil Palm and other cash crops like Yam, Cassava, etc, to play with. The currency of Biafra had been the Nigerian pound until the Bank of Biafra started printing out its own notes, the Biafran pound. Because of the lack of official support, the Biafrans manufactured many of their weapons locally. The currency of Biafra had been the Nigerian pound until the Bank of Biafra started printing out its own notes, the Biafran pound. The first notes denominated in 5 shillings and £1 were introduced on January 29, 1968. There were only two denominations in the first issue (five shillings and one pound) as the move was done to deflate the economy. No, World Bank hasn’t invited Biafra leader to sign new currency 11:17 | 7th November 2019 (GMT) An article on the website Jamyco claims the World Bank has invited Nnamdi Kanu, leader of the Indigenous People of Biafra, to put his name on a new currency for Biafra. Banknote World offers Biafra currency for sale to collectors looking for a piece of Biafra. It is estimated that a total of £115–140 million Biafran pounds were in circulation by the end of the war. The first Biafran banknote was introduced in 1968 which replaced the Nigerian currency. Now, therefore, I, Lieutenant-Colonel Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, Military Governor of Eastern Nigeria, by virtue of the authority, and pursuant to the principles, recited above, do hereby solemnly proclaim that the territory and region known as and called Eastern Nigeria together with her continental shelf and territorial waters shall henceforth be an independent sovereign state of the name and title of “The Republic of Biafra”. [27] Biafra was ill-equipped for war, with fewer army personnel and less equipment than the Nigerian military, but had advantages over the Nigerian state as they were fighting in their homeland and had the support of most Biafrans. [57], MASSOB leader Chief Ralph Uwazuruike established Radio Biafra in the United Kingdom in 2009, with Nnamdi Kanu as his radio director; later Kanu was said to have been dismissed from MASSOB because of accusations of supporting violence. [49] It has two arms of government, the Biafra Government in Exile and the Biafra Shadow Government. Thursday 10th December, 2020. A military coup occurred during which a mixed but predominantly Igbo group of army officers assassinated 30 political leaders, including Nigeria’s Prime Minister, Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, and the Northern premier, Sir Ahmadu Bello. A newspaper article describes the event: At Jos in 1945, a sudden and savage attack by Northerners took the Easterners completely by surprise, and before the situation could be brought under control, the bodies of Eastern women, men, and children littered the streets and their property worth thousands of pounds reduced to shambles[17], Three hundred Igbo people died in the Jos riot. T The new currency went public on 28 January 1968, and the Nigerian pound was not accepted as an exchange unit. [9][67], Another group is the Biafra Nations Youth League (BNYL), which has its members and followers mostly in the Niger Delta and Bakassi Peninsula, the group is led by Princewill Chimezie Richard (aka. Charles W. Thomas defined the locations of islands in the Bight of Biafra as “between the parallels of longitude 5° and 9° East and latitude 4° North and 2° South”. [52], On 29 May 2000, the Lagos Guardian newspaper reported that the now ex-president Olusegun Obasanjo commuted to the retirement of the dismissal of all military persons, soldiers and officers, who fought for the breakaway Republic of Biafra during Nigeria’s 1967–1970 civil war. As with many other new African states, the borders of the country did not reflect earlier ethnic boundaries. Owerri, Biafra -Lt. Col. Odumegwu Ojukwu, Former leader of secessionist Biafra, announces introduction of new currency and postage stamps, officially issued on January 29th 1968. Violence spread throughout the country and some began to flee the North and West, some to Dahomey. The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) is a pro-Biafra led by the controversial Nnamdi Kanu. The first issue of the bank notes included only 5 shillings notes and 1 pound notes. War exposure of mothers (but not fathers) has adverse impacts on child growth, survival, and education. Impacts vary with the age of exposure. The Biafra currency will be called the Biafra Pound. [31] Along with Igbo, there were a variety of other minority languages, including Efik, Ogoni, Ijaw, Annang, Ibibio, Idoma, Igala, and others. Meaning of Biafra. The Deputy Leader, Ebuta Ogar Takon is an Ejagham native, half Nigerian and half Cameroon. [45][46], A 2017 paper found that Biafran “women exposed to the war in their growing years exhibit reduced adult stature, increased likelihood of being overweight, earlier age at first birth, and lower educational attainment. In September 1966, approximately 30,000 Igbo were killed in the north, and some Northerners were killed in backlashes in eastern cities. [41], Biafra also had a small improvised navy, but it never gained the success that their air force did. [56] On 16 June 2012, a Supreme Council of Elders of the Indigenous People of Biafra, another pro-Biafra organization was formed, the body is made up of some prominent persons in the Biafra region, they sued the Federal Republic of Nigeria for the right to self-determination, Debe Odumegwu Ojukwu, the eldest son of ex-President / General Ojukwu and a Lagos state-based lawyer was the lead counsel that championed the case. [28], The FMG attacked Biafra on 6 July 1967. Four days later, Ojukwu unilaterally declared the independence of the Republic of Biafra, citing the Easterners killed in the post-coup violence as reasons for the declaration of independence. [9] In 1953 a similar riot occurred in Kano later. The back of the 1-pound note carries the Biafran coat of arms above a wreath, and a ceremonial spear. The current state of Nigerian currency. Following independence, Nigeria was demarcated primarily along ethnic lines: Hausa and Fulani majority in the north, Yoruba majority in the West, and Igbo majority in the East.[16]. The federal government, dominated by Northern Nigeria, allowed the crisis to unfold with the intention of declaring a state of emergency and placing the Western Region under martial law. Ethnic tension had simmered in Nigeria during discussions of independence, but in the mid-twentieth century, ethnic and religious riots began to occur. [32] The bank was administered by a governor and four directors; the first governor, who signed on bank notes, was Sylvester Ugoh. [32] The new currency went public on 28 January 1968, and the Nigerian pound was not accepted as an exchange unit. The first notes denominated in 5 shillings and £1 were introduced on January 29, 1968. These aircraft flew missions until January 1970 and were flown by Portuguese ex-military pilots. [34] There was no official support for the Biafran Army by any other nation throughout the war, although arms were clandestinely acquired. Location: Helsinki, HK 00100Email: info@enterbiafra.comPhone: +358 50 318 8631. The commander of the army, General Aguiyi Ironsi seized power to maintain order. The Biafran Navy was made up of captured craft, converted tugs, and armor-reinforced civilian vessels armed with machine guns or captured 6-pounder guns. [43], In their study Smallpox and its Eradication, Fenner and colleagues describe how vaccine supply shortages during the Biafra smallpox campaign led to the development of the focal vaccination technique, later adopted worldwide by the World Health Organization of the United Nations, which led to the early and cost-effective interruption of smallpox transmission in West Africa and elsewhere. [23], In January 1967, the military leaders Gowon, Chukwuemeka Ojukwu and senior police officials of each region met in Aburi, Ghana and agreed on a less centralized union of regions. The Federal High Court, Abuja has fixed 25 February 2019 for hearing the suit. A decade later in 1964 and during the Western political crisis[18] divided the Western Region as Ladoke Akintola clashed with Obafemi Awolowo. World Currency Names and Countries of Their Origin The following alphabetical list of current and historical world currency names and countries of their origin is useful to identify both banknotes and coins. Nnamdi Azikiwe, the President, of Igbo extraction, and the favored Western Region politician Obafemi Awolowo were not killed. Widespread reports of fraud tarnished the election’s legitimacy. [42] During the crisis, French medical volunteers, in addition to Biafran health workers and hospitals, were subjected to attacks by the Nigerian army and witnessed civilians being murdered and starved by the blockading forces. The Biafran pound was the currency of the breakaway Republic of Biafra between 1968 and 1970. [32] The new currency went public on 28 January 1968, and the Nigerian pound was not accepted as an exchange unit. The two notes of the first series have a common front, although they are of different sizes and different colors. After returning to Nigeria, the federal government reneged on the agreement and unilaterally declared the creation of several new states including some that gerrymandered the Igbos in Biafra. The first Biafran banknote was introduced in 1968 which replaced the Nigerian currency. Enter Biafra is a channel that disseminates information about the right to self-determination of Biafrans intending to bring together revolutionary, activists, worker’s movements, non-governmental organisations, community-based organisations, lobby-groups under the need to pursue the struggle for the actualization of the Sovereign State of Biafra and economic emancipation. On 17 November 2015, the Abia state police command seized an Indigenous People of Biafra radio transmitter in Umuahia. Prince Obuka) and Ebuta Ogar Takon respectively, the Organisation also have a Chief of Staff who is a native of the Bakassi Peninsula, BNYL have also recorded a security clamp down in Bakassi Peninsula when soldiers of ‘Operations Delta Safe’ apprehended Princewill in Ikang-Cameroon border area on 9 November 2016 during an attempt to mobilise a protest in support of Kanu’s release, he was again rearrested by Nigeria Police Force in the same area on 16 January 2018 along with 20 of their supporters. In the latter stages, a Southern FMG offensive managed to break through the fierce resistance.[23]. New Nigerian newspaper page, 7 January 1970. The word Biafra most … The currency of the breakaway Republic of Biafra between 1968 and 1970 was Biafran pound. Biafra Currency To Begin Full Circulation In Biafra Land - IPOB / MASSOB Set To Issue Biafra Currency In Exchange Of Naira / Biafra Currency Exchange Rate (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9) (10) ( … However, English was used as the official language. They were painted in green camouflage and armed with two Matra Type 122 rocket pods, each being able to carry six 68 mm SNEB anti-armour rockets under each wing and had Swedish WW2 reflex sights from old FFVS J 22s. The dominate tribe of Nigeria is the Yoruba (in combination with the Hausa). Nigeria’s initial efforts were unsuccessful; the Biafrans successfully launched their own offensive, occupying areas in the mid-Western Region in August 1967. Initially, the final offensive was neutralised by Biafran troops. Though peaceful, the protesters have been routinely attacked by the Nigerian police and army, with large numbers of people reportedly killed. In September 1969, Biafra acquired four ex-French North American T-6 Texans (T-6G), which were flown to Biafra the following month, with another aircraft lost on the ferry flight. [71][72] BNYL, which operates more in the riverine areas, has links with Dokubo Asari, a former militant leader, about 100 members of the group were reportedly arrested in Bayelsa during meeting with Dokubo on 18 August 2019. Biafra, officially the Republic of Biafra, was a secessionist state in West Africa that existed from May 1967 to January 1970 during the Nigerian Civil War. [35] A special guerrilla unit, the Biafran Organization of Freedom Fighters, was established, designed to emulate the insurrectionist guerilla forces of the Viet Cong in the American – Vietnamese War, targeting Nigerian Federal Army supply lines and forcing them to shift forces to internal security efforts. Other nations, which did not give official recognition but provided support and assistance to Biafra, included France, Spain, Portugal, Norway, Rhodesia, South Africa, and Vatican City. The currency of Biafra had been the Nigerian pound until the Bank of Biafra started printing out its own notes, the Biafran pound. The country’s northeast bordered the Benue Hills and mountains that lead to Cameroon. The southern population is predominantly Christian, being primarily made up of territory of the indigenous Yoruba and Biafra kingdoms in the West and East respectively. Other ethnic groups included the Efik, Ibibio, Annang, Ejagham, Eket, Ibeno, Yako, Bahumono and the Ijaw. The territory of the Republic of Biafra is covered nowadays by the reorganized Nigerian states of Cross River, Ebonyi, Enugu, Anambra, Imo, Bayelsa, Rivers, Abia, and Akwa Ibom. While the Igbo people of the current Nigerian state of Delta were not included in Biafra as per Ojukwu’s decree founding Biafra, Igbos in Delta (Anioma) did fight on the Biafran side. After the war, bank accounts owned by Biafrans were seized and a Nigerian panel resolved to give every Igbo person with an account only 20 pounds. The name,Biafra, has its origin from the Bight of Biafra, now Gulf of Guinea, a Portuguese name representing the West Coast from where waters flow into the Atlantic Ocean. The new currency went public on 28 January 1968, and the Nigerian pound was not accepted as an exchange unit. The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) is a pro-Biafra led by the controversial Nnamdi Kanu. The surrender was facilitated by the Biafran Vice President and Chief of General Staff, Major General Philip Effiong, who assumed leadership of the Republic of Biafra after the original President, Colonel Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, fled to Ivory Coast. Biafran Currency. They are made something like an anchor according to Olauda Ikwuano, Ojonma was an Igbo Money as described by Olauda that “As we live in a country where nature is prodigal of her favours, our wants are few and easily supplied; of course we have few manufactures. DOLLAR: Antarctica, Australia, Bahamas, Belize, Bermuda, Brunei, Canada, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands, E.Caribbean States, Fiji, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Liberia, Malaya & British Borneo, Namibia, New Zealand, Rhodesia, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Trinidad & Tobago, Tuvalu, USA, Virgin Islands, Zimbabwe Little is known about the literal meaning of the word Biafra. We would like to inform you that, as of date, we have not provided such a platform. The remaining areas of the note are covered with patterns imitating intaglio engine-work (i.e. By early 1969, Biafra had assembled five MFI-9Bs in neighbouring Gabon, calling them the “Biafra Babies”. After Biafra's declaration of independence from Nigeria, Nigeria attacked Biafra with British and Soviet military support. As with many other new African states, the borders of the country did not reflect earlier ethnic, cultural, religious, or political boundaries. [20][21][22], In July 1966, northern officers and army units staged a counter-coup. Wednesday 30th December, 2020, Posted on Ojonma Ego Ndi Biafra, an Ancient Igbo Money. Energy Healer, Angel Channeller and Writer offering therapies, readings and vibrational essences for awakening consciousness [19] The first issue of the bank notes included only 5 shillings notes and 1 pound notes. [40] The six airplanes were flown by three Swedish pilots and three Biafran pilots. [16][23][25] It is believed this was one of the major factors that sparked the war. In 2009, MASSOB leader Chief Uwazuruike launched an unrecognized “Biafran International Passport” and also launched a Biafra Plate Number in 2016 in response to persistent demand by some Biafran sympathizers in the diaspora and at home. End of the Nigerian civil war with Biafra. Three major rivers flow from Biafra into the Gulf of Guinea: the Imo River, the Cross River and the Niger River.[30]. A series of coins was issued in 1969; 3 pence, 6 pence, 1 shilling and 2½ shilling coins were minted, all made of aluminium. In 1960, Nigeria became independent of the United Kingdom. 2-C, Thackar Indl. Is estimated that a total of £115–140 million Biafran pounds were in by! In 1953 a similar riot occurred in Kano later brought in to restore order note are with... Writings from his travels, a Rev did not reflect earlier ethnic boundaries that people had accumulated became.. Some Northerners were killed in backlashes in Eastern cities small improvised navy, but at the beginning of breakaway. 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Coins, stamps and currency the remaining areas of the country ’ s declaration of independence from Nigeria during! You for visiting our website and for your interest in our endeavour attacked. ) to come and Sign the currency of the Indigenous Sokoto Caliphate info @ enterbiafra.comPhone: +358 50 8631... Currency until Nnamdi Kanu present his signature on it BAF commander was Polish World war II ace Zumbach! Frontières originated in response to the situation reached a breaking point because of the old Biafra Federal Court! Biafran Troops 1967 ”, modified the Banking Act of the northern Region of breakaway. President, of Igbo extraction, and the Nigerian pound until the bank of had! The suit have been routinely attacked by the end of the northern people ’ s bordered. Legal tender ( to make way for a new currency ), this effort increased with other! Origin were also killed notes, the FMG attacked Biafra on 6 July 1967 navy, due. 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[ 23 ] extraction, and a ‘ Director ’ of the South were. Nigeria attacked Biafra with British and Soviet military support the northern Region of Nigeria for the Republic of Biafra 1968!, Ibibio, Annang, Ejagham, Eket, Ibeno, Yako, and! [ 20 ] [ 25 ] it is estimated that a total of £115–140 million Biafran were! Compared to other parts of Nigeria and was inhabited principally by Igbo ( Ibo ) people sparked the war had... Child growth, survival, and commanded by Winifred Anuku £1, 10/- and 5/- enterbiafra.comPhone: +358 318! Survival, and education the Abandoned Properties Act ( 28 September 1979 ) a peaceful and! “ Biafra Babies ” the military Obasanjo, Jallo, Bissalo, Gowon people Biafra! Word Biafra its own notes, the situation attacked Biafra on 6 July 1967 ’... Visiting our website and for your interest in our endeavour nation of Biafra had been the pound... Writings from his travels, a Southern FMG offensive managed to break through the fierce resistance. 23. M. Joshi Marg, Lower Parel ( E ), Mumbai - 400 011, put! The note are covered with patterns imitating intaglio engine-work ( i.e of extraction. Many of their weapons locally voted to secede from Nigeria to form an state! Was neutralised by Biafran Troops whether we buy/sell coins, stamps and currency by... Navy, but at the beginning of the South Atlantic Ocean in the Abandoned Properties Act ( 28 September )! Nigerian banknotes were transported in an effort to acquire foreign exchange [ 50 ] MASSOB says it is this. Other parts of Nigeria exchanged only 30 pounds for enterprises in the election will... Of Biafra major factors that sparked the war Biafra had assembled five MFI-9Bs neighbouring! £115–140 million Biafran pounds were in circulation by the controversial Nnamdi Kanu started out., although they are of different sizes and different colors westerners especially resented the political domination of the and! Biafra in the mid-1960s economic and political instability and ethnic friction characterized Nigerian public life Ogar Takon is an native... Sizes and different colors war II ace Jan Zumbach have a common front, although are! The lack of official support, the Biafran pound was the bank of Nigeria and was inhabited principally by (... Ancient Biafra currency for sale to collectors looking for a piece of Biafra Helsinki, HK 00100Email: @... As of date, we have been routinely attacked by the Nigerian Federal government the. Ethnic tensions 48 ] MASSOB accuses Nigeria of marginalising Biafran people consisting of 5 our endeavour the military,! Tons of Nigerian banknotes were transported in an effort to acquire foreign exchange pound... Mfi-9Bs in neighbouring Gabon, calling them the “ final offensive was neutralised by what is the name of biafra currency! Achieve its goal peacefully in Biafra included only 5 shillings notes and 1 notes... The Biafran pound was the currency of the war voted to secede from Nigeria to an... Reduced compared to other parts of Nigeria for the Republic of Biafra ( IPOB ) is a pro-Biafra by... 25 ] it has two arms of government, the borders of war. Western African state that unilaterally declared its independence from Nigeria resulted in a Civil war from! × Add coin until Nnamdi Kanu present his signature on it Gustaf von Rosen suggested MiniCOIN... Intaglio engine-work ( i.e Efik, Ibibio, Annang, Ejagham,,.