Lets build one in G. A whole step from G is A. So if C Major is C (1) E (3) G (5), then C minor will be C (1) Eb (b3) G (5). In the case of A minor pentatonic we will use the A major scale notes to apply our scale formula. Finally! If we flatten the 3rd and 7th in A major we get this… 1: A. To find a Relative Minor from a given Major, descend (count down) 3 semi-tones from the major, e.g., if you are in the key of A Major, count down 3 semitones from, To find a Relative Major from a given Minor, ascend (count up) 3 semi-tones from the minor, e.g., if you are in the key of Am, count up 3 semitones from, First, second, major or minor third, fourth, fifth, major or minor sixth, major or minor seventh, Roman Numerals, i.e., I - II - III - IV - V - VI - VII - VIII, Names and their function, i.e., Tonic, Supertonic, Mediant, Subdominant, Dominant, Submediant, Leading Tone, Tonic (, Supertonic and Subtonic are, one step above and one step below the tonic, Mediant and Submediant are each a third above and below the tonic, Dominant and Subdominant are a fifth above and below the tonic. Major Scale Modes Each note in a scale can be considered the root. This formula is the same sequence as the major scale formula, but it begins on a different note. The Natural Minor Scale is represented by the formula 1 2 ♭3 4 5 ♭6 ♭7 8 where each degree of the scale is represented by a number. 3 – Write down and play a C major scale, vertical approach (played across multiple strings) 4 – Build a pentatonic minor scale on a single string. 2: B. If we want to use the formula for calculating our Harmonic Minor Scales we need to know the notes of the Major Keynote Scale. The name notes on the major scale include a natural minor scale, with the exception that it is created from the sixth note on the major scale. Once you understand it, everything is going to open up for you. In the diatonic pattern, the third is either major or minor: Major Third: The third note in a major scale, two whole steps (four half steps) above the tonic (or very first note). The Natural Minor Scale is the sixth mode of the major scale. ● In the C major scale, E is four half steps above C, so the major third is E. Minor Third: 1.5 steps (three half steps) above the tonic. b3 (flat three) means you take the third note of the major scale only a half step … Minor scales provide a darker, and often more complex sound than major scales. • It is the third note that makes all the difference between a major scale and a minor scale. For instance if you start the major scale on the 6th note you are playing the natural minor scale and the 3rd degree of the minor scale is the major scale. Since we’re talking about different scales, let’s take a look at the major scale formula and how the order of note pitches defines the major […] For scale help, view the C minor scale highlighted on the piano keyboard, or read the notation. Arranging these notes into a single octave with our first note of C as the root, we can create the major pentatonic scale, C, D, E, G, and A with scale degrees of 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6 (8 representing the The Melodic Minor Scale is represented by the formula 1 2 ♭3 4 5 6 7 8 ascending, and 1 2 ♭3 4 5 ♭6 ♭7 8 descending where each degree of the scale is represented by a number. The Natural Minor Scale is the sixth mode of the major scale. Therefore, the relative minor of C Major is A Minor. But what is the relative minor scale? The major pentatonic scale contains 5 notes of the major scale, and the minor pentatonic scale contains 5 notes of the minor scale. The major scale formula follows the pattern W, W, H, W, W, W, H. The minor scale formula follows the pattern W, H, W, W, H, W, W. Lastly, you can take a modal approach to the minor scale. First start with the root note, C, and follow the formula: A whole step from C is D. A whole step from D is E. A half step from E is F. A whole step from F is G. A whole step from G is A. By now you should see that splitting up the Major scale into smaller easier to learn chunks is the best way to memorize the scales. The result is a Major Scale no matter what starting note you use. The major scale is a series of 7 notes that are a subset of the 12 notes in the chromatic scaleA scale consisting of all 12 of the notes used in modern music.. Major is perceived as more happy and positive. A minor chord? This combination of notes is called the minor scale. 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