The Requirements Management process maintains a current and approved set of requirements over the entire acquisition life cycle. Strongly suggested are metrics that allow the forecasting of each KPP and KSA as well as known developmental process risks such as software development, schedule health, requirements stability and mission integration/interoperability. The Request for Proposal (RFP) reflects the program’s plans articulated in the draft (as defined in DoDI 5000.02, para 5.d.6) Acquisition Strategy and other draft, key planning documents such as the Systems Engineering Plan (SEP), Program Protection Plan (PPP), Test and Evaluation Master Plan (TEMP), and Life-Cycle Sustainment Plan (LCSP). DoDI 5000.02, Enc 3, sec. By planning for the activities required to achieve the necessary certifications, the PM and Systems Engineer can ensure that development of the system continues uninterrupted while the program meets all system certification requirements. (See DAG CH 3–4.2.5. Co-developing with the Systems Engineer the technical objectives of the program that guide the technical reviews and audits, Co-developing with the Systems Engineer the earned value credit derived from the review, Approving, funding and staffing the planned technical reviews and audits; documenting this plan in the SEP and applicable contract documents, Ensuring the plan for each review includes participants with sufficient objectivity with respect to satisfying the pre-established review criteria, Ensuring the plan addresses the need for timely and sufficient data to satisfy the statutory and regulatory requirements of, Controlling the configuration of each baseline and convening configuration steering boards when user requirement changes are warranted. Early planning for system transition reduces risk and supports smooth delivery and rapid acceptance by the system’s end user. SE activities begin before a program is officially established and are applied throughout the acquisition life cycle. Continuing to control appropriate changes to the product baseline (see. 108-136 (SEC 802), enacted to address aviation CSIs, and P.L. They use the Programmatic ESOH Evaluation (PESHE) and the NEPA/EO 12114 Compliance Schedule to document the results of the program’s implementation of their ESOH planning. 10, defines the requirements for manufacturing processes and manufacturing risks. Decision Analysis teams generally include a lead analyst with a suite of reasoning tools, subject matter experts with access to appropriate models and analytical tools and a representative set of end users and other stakeholders. Technical data for the preliminary design are complete, satisfy the system performance specification and provide a sufficient foundation for detailed design to proceed. The technical baseline (including the functional, allocated and product baselines) established at the conclusion of certain technical reviews inform all other program activity. *������X�����iMS�{ZX�Ǧen��9dȤX�'Ec�i^}r��{/YjB&�/+�[��q'pg 0k%����:E�t?y��PI�B%��O�t?њ����' nާK�����r���j���k��Z�r&Y��>D�_�$�+�(�֞�N�r�=?��e%H���,�nh�k�������kpx7+;F��mp8���.�/3�E�� The PM should ensure that assessments are appropriately contracted, resourced and staffed, and include appropriate stakeholder and subject matter expert participation. As a best practice, the Systems Engineer should develop an implementation plan that includes implementation procedures, fabrication processes, tools and equipment, implementation tolerances and verification uncertainties. Informed advice to the AoA Guidance and Study Plan (See CH 2–2.3. Higher levels of governance such as PEO and AT&L (internal and external governance), Added levels of complexity due to management and funding for both SoS and systems; No single manager controls all constituent systems in the SoS, Designed and developed to meet operational objectives, Called upon to provide integrated capabilities using systems whose objectives have not been directly derived from current SoS system’s objectives, Aligned to established acquisition process, Multiple system life cycles across acquisition programs, involving legacy systems, systems under development, new developments and technology insertion; Stated capability objectives but may not have formal requirements, Test and evaluation (T&E) of the system is possible, Testing more challenging due to systems’ asynchronous life cycles, independence of constituent systems, and the complexity of all the moving parts; Given these challenges, the T&E approach may need to focus on system or subsystem testing in risk areas of the capability and evaluate evidence from SoS level activities or roll-ups of system-level activities, Focus on identifying systems contributing to SoS objectives and enabling flow of data, control and functionality across and/or between the SoS while balancing needs of systems. To fulfill that purpose, a program implements the SE technical processes in an integrated and overlapping manner to support the iterative maturation of the system solution. Identifying system dependencies and interoperability needs (See, Factoring these into the development of system concepts, requirements and risks, Addressing these through trade analysis, system architecture and design, interface development and management and verification and validation, Define role of the system in supporting a mission capability, including relationship to other systems in the SoS which support that capability, End-to-end depiction (e.g., mission thread) of capability gap in context of systems currently supporting capability, Activities supported by the system in relationship to other systems and the context, Physical environment information needs Joint Doctrine, Organization, Training, materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel, Facilities and Policy (DOTmLPF-P) for the system and the SoS, Provided by the JCIDS analysis and the evidence provided at MDD, In the Analysis of Alternatives (AoA), consider the alternatives in the context of the larger SoS supporting the capability, In the operational analysis and concept engineering for the preferred materiel solution, consider the new system in the SoS context; identify dependencies and relationships with other systems, including key interfaces and technical risks based on SoS considerations to be addressed in Technology Maturation and Risk Reduction (TMRR), Identify the nature of the dependencies and interfaces, including the parties involved, and an initial plan for addressing these including initial memoranda of agreement (MOAs). Section 3.3 presents the baseline LCIA results for both the CRT and the LCD. Provide mission planning and dynamic situational awareness features. Verification activities and results are documented among the artifacts for Functional Configuration Audits (FCA) and the System Verification Review (SVR) (see CH 3–3.3.6. The common element linking interoperability and dependencies (I&D) is the need for cooperation and/or coordination between separate programs. Commercial-Off-the-Shelf and CH 3–2.4.1. Improved capability to address defects and failures at all levels through a greater understanding of the system. and the DoD Risk, Issue, and Opportunity Management Guide for Defense Acquisition Programs.). The AoA results are an input to the ASR. It enables the development of an analytical understanding of any system-wide effects of changes to requirements for a given system element, updating requirements documentation with rationale and impacts for approved changes. The timing of the review should consider the following: For MDAPs and MAIS programs, a PDR assessment is conducted and provided to the MDA. All Electronic and Information Technology (E&IT) systems comply with Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act (i.e., 29 U.S.C. Table 13: Acquisition Models contains a summary of the set of acquisition models described in DoDI 5000.02, para 5.c. Budget for and fund the maintenance and upkeep of product data throughout the life cycle. Conversely, the range of alternatives analyzed in the AoA are chosen from a sufficiently broad solution space. Map modular open systems strategy and functional architecture to Statement of Work (SOW) requirements, Data Item Descriptions (DID) and Contract Data Requirements List (CDRL) items consistently across the enterprise. Referencing current required operational documentation and system performance specifications. Design Considerations. As the program’s blueprint for the conduct, management and control of all technical activities, the SEP captures decisions made during the technical planning process and communicates objectives and guidance to program personnel and other stakeholders. Both programs are required to submit a Spectrum Supportability Risk Assessment (SSRA). Approved risks should then be entered into a risk register and a risk reporting matrix, as shown below in Figure 37. TPMs encompass the quantifiable attributes of both the system’s development processes and status, as well as the system’s product performance and maturity. Engineering Resources, the Systems Engineer is responsible for: Table 24 summarizes the primary inputs associated with this part of the life cycle. The essence of this activity is to achieve a balanced and feasible design with acceptable risk; that falls within the program design constraints. The Systems Engineer should describe in the Systems Engineering Plan: Additional techniques include rapid reconstruction (reparability) to maximize wartime availability and sortie rates and incorporating damage tolerance in the system design. Results could include knees-in-the-curves sensitivity analyses, product selections, results of automation trades, etc. 7, the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Systems Engineering (DASD(SE)) conducts PDR assessments on ACAT ID and ACAT IAM programs, and the Component Acquisition Executive (CAE) conducts the PDR assessments on ACAT IC and ACAT IAC programs. The DoD Open Systems Architecture Contract Guidebook for Program Managers contains guidance regarding contract language programs should use to acquire data rights in support of a program’s MOSA strategy. To make effective and appropriate use of models and simulations, the PM and Systems Engineer should ensure that planned modeling and simulation activities are: The PM and Systems Engineer should establish, manage, control, and maintain integrated sources of all relevant models, simulations, data and other artifacts that describe what the system is and does. Outputs of pre-MDD efforts provided in Table 17 also include approved AoA Guidance and an AoA Study Plan, which should be informed by SE. Such organizations have the challenge of integrating and evolving multiple portfolios of systems often with conflicting sets of objectives, constraints, stakeholders and demands for resources. and CH 4–3.5., respectively. In contrast, sustainment is more concerned with the end user’s ability to operate and maintain a system once it is in inventory and deployed. The result of the Architecture Design process is an architectural design that meets the end-user capability needs shown in the Requirements Management process to have all stated and derived requirements allocated to lower-level system elements and to have the possibility of meeting cost, schedule and performance objectives. The primary objective of the Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD) phase is to develop the initial product baseline, verify it meets the functional and allocated baselines and transform the preliminary design into a producible design, all within the schedule and cost constraints of the program. For a review of the impacts of non-renewable energy sources such as fossil fuels, see Chapter 4. Technical reviews typically conducted in the TMRR phase are: Test activities during the TMRR phase that depend on SE support and involvement include developmental test and evaluation of system and/or system element prototypes and Early Operational Assessments (EOAs). The PM should ensure that technical assessments routinely occur throughout the life cycle on a reporting timeline that supports forecasting and timely resolution of risks -- informing decision makers of technical progress to plan and supporting EVMS. The event-driven technical review approach based on successful completion of key activities as opposed to calendar-based deadlines. Developing and maintaining the SEP in coordination with key stakeholders and other functional experts who participate in the program development activities. Aggressive early validation significantly mitigates the risk to the program by identifying operational issues up front when they are easier and less costly to fix. The PM and Systems Engineer evaluate technical maturity in support of program decisions at the key event-driven technical reviews and audits (see CH 3–3.3. Counterfeits, by their nature, may have been falsely certified. The eight technical processes ensure the system design, and the delivered capability reflect the requirements that the stakeholders have expressed. The CDR review criteria are developed to best support the program’s technical scope and risk and are documented in the program’s SEP no later than Milestone B. These planning elements are documented in various program plans such as the Acquisition Strategy (AS), Test and Evaluation Master Plan (TEMP), Program Protection Plan (PPP), next-phase Request for Proposal (RFP) and the Systems Engineering Plan (SEP). It should also inform the development and release of each RFP (see CH 9–4.1.) Modeling and simulation is also used to support developmental test and evaluation (DT&E) and operational test and evaluation (OT&E). Identifies preferred and discretionary interface standards and their profiles. Configuration Management Process for a description of baselines. The "Systems Engineer" refers to the Program Lead Systems Engineer, the Chief Engineer or Lead Engineer with SE responsibility and the SE staff responsible for SE processes and who plan, conduct and/or manage SE activities in the program. Like manufacturing and other key system design functions, producibility is integral to delivering capability to the warfighter effectively and efficiently. The Program Manager (PM) has overall responsibility for integrating the HSI effort into the program. Once the Service sponsor selects a preferred materiel solution, the program team focuses engineering and technical analysis on this solution to ensure development plans, schedule, funding and other resources match customer needs and match the complexity of the preferred materiel solution. Minor updates to fix broken hyperlinks and update references. and DoDI 5000.02, Enc 5, sec. 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