So, the Beast’s “destruction” is everlasting torment in the lake of fire. 4:9, 10; 10:6; 15:7)—so is the age to come. This is what it means when the Bible speaks of God destroying body and soul in hell. Your gift enables our worldwide outreach. And God would suffer defeat if any creatures made in His image were to perish forever. Annihilation vs. Eternal conscious torment Is eternal conscious torment a pagan false doctrine and a Jewish fable? Interested in your thoughts. Third is an argument based on the meaning of the word eternal. While this might not be exhaustive, I've put together 25 verses that strongly illustrate what the Bible teaches on the issue. They believed in conditional immortality, a view held by many early church fathers as well. Samuel Richardson and other reformed London Baptists during the 18th century did not hold to a belief in the eternalconscious torment of the wicked in hell. Death by annihilation in the Lake of Fire could certainly be called "eternal punishment" because it is eternal in its consequences. The mission, passion and purpose of Ligonier Ministries is to proclaim the holiness of God Samuel Richardson saw the Scriptures to teach that God's judgment for the wicked meant death. 19:20; 20:10, 14, 15; 21:8)—it will burn up the wicked so that they no longer exist. In this post, I want to summarize the best arguments for eternal conscious torment (ECT)—the traditional view of hell where the wicked will experience never-ending punishment. It is His nature; there is no anger or fury in love; fury is not in me, Isa. They will to exist in eternal corporeal (bodily) conscious torment punctuated by wailing and gnashing of teeth, with no one coming to seek or save them. But the wicked will endure never-ending torment in the lake of fire and be shut out of the Holy City, the New Jerusalem, which is the joyous dwelling place of God and His people forever. Death on earth is only temporal because everyone will be raised again at the resurrection. Geenna or Gehenna and Eternal Torment Like the SDA, the aggressive Jehovah's Witnesses also oppose the doctrine of eternal, conscious torment of the wicked dead as shown. Both cannot be correct. Two of the Scriptures that have been misused by them for this are Mt. Since I preached this message on April 17, 2016 I have written on the topic of the final fate of the unrighteous extensively on my blog. Second is the argument from passages that speak of destruction or perishing. Annihilationists ask: how is it just of God to punish sinners for eternity when their crimes were committed in time? To interpret the phrase otherwise, as eternal conscious torment or separation from God means to negate the Biblical meaning of "death" as cessation of life. We just cease to exist without consciousness. In the end, everyone will be saved. On the annihilation side, Fudge believes that even if conditional immortality were true according to Scripture, the existence of positive teaching on eternal conscious torment would convince him otherwise—if it existed. 15:26), and destruction speaks of annihilation or termination—terminal punishment. Romans 6:23 Death on earth is only temporal because everyone will be raised again at the resurrection. Annihilationists argue that if you burn some paper, it is eternally destroyed and that is how we should view hell. Eternal Torment, not Annihilation or “Soul-Sleep” There are many passages of Scripture that are clear that annihilationism, as taught by the Watchtower Society, Seventh-Day Adventism, and other cults, is false. I. I also believe that the ultimate annihilation of the wicked should at least be accepted as a legitimate, biblically founded alternative to their eternal conscious torment. I will treat the fifth and sixth arguments together. Examples include unbelievers perishing (John 3:16) and suffering “the punishment of eternal destruction” (2 Thess. On that day, the wicked will be finally lost through eternal separation from God’s loving presence. The three main views are eternal conscious torment where the unrepentant are tormented by the fire for all eternity, annihilation where the unrepentant are punished according to wrongs committed and then annihilated by the fire, and universal reconciliation where the unrepentant go through a fire that burns impurities away leading to eventual repentance and reconciliation. And in texts treating eternal destinies, eternal does refer to the age to come. Jesus plainly sets this forth in His message on the sheep and goats: “And these will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life” (Matt. Jesus leaves no doubt. God and His people would not enjoy the bliss of heaven if even one soul remained in hell, they argue. Same greek word used in this verse for both eternal life and eternal torment. Eternal Conscious Torment makes God unloving ; Eternal Conscious Torment is too horrible and monstrous to be true From this we can also conclude that the souls of the antichrist and false prophet are eternal, since they won't be annihilated out of existence. Mark’s Resources on Hell (Conditional Immortality aka Annihilationism vs. Eternal Conscious Torment vs. Universalism) Reasons I (mayhaps foolishly) Believes Annihilationism/ Conditionalism is a More Biblically & Philosophically Accurate View of the Judgment of the Wicked than Eternal Conscious Torment- Despite the Overwhelming Consensus of Church Theologians in the Majority of Church History. That may not be what it takes for a rock to exist, but a rock doesn't feel pain, either. Evangelical views on the nature of hell: eternal conscious torment, annihilation, ultimate restoration or Christian Universalism, Ultimate Reconciliation It is noteworthy that universalists use these same two arguments to insist that God will finally save every human being. In hell passages, it is claimed, eternal means only pertaining to “the age to come” and not “everlasting.”. It states that after the final judgment, all unsaved human beings, all fallen angels and Satan himself will be totally destroyed so as to not exist, or that their consciousness will be extinguished rather than suffer everlasting torment in hell. Burned Up: Annihilation versus Eternal Conscious Torment part 1 - Duration: 41:41. Download HELL – TORMENT OR ANNIHILATION? Furthermore, eternal torment serves no positive, reformative purpose, simply because it only torments sinners without reforming them. I say this because the Bible’s final three chapters present the eternal state of affairs. 10:28 and Lk. Contrary to the Biblical Vision of Justice. There is evidence in the Bible for both the viewpoints of annihilation or eternal torture. The three main views are eternal conscious torment where the unrepentant are tormented by the fire for all eternity, annihilation where the unrepentant are punished according to wrongs committed and then annihilated by the fire, and universal reconciliation where the unrepentant go through a fire that burns impurities away leading to eventual repentance and reconciliation. Is it really our place to call this unjust? Part 3 [Part 1 - Biblical view of Human Nature] [Part 2 - Biblical View of Death] Few teachings have troubled the human conscience over the centuries more than the traditional view of hell as a place where the lost suffer conscious fiery punishment in body and soul for all eternity. Death in the Lake of Fire, however, is eternal: there is … I was surprised because all I was brought up with was conscious torment. Such a notion only exhibits a vindictiveness on the part of God, which is clearly contradicted by what Jesus has revealed to us about His Father’s love for the lost. According to normal language, a person needs some kind of life in order to exist. In this video we will explore two alternative views of Hell. Before we explore about annihilation or eternal torment, we need to find what hell is. The Beast (along with the False Prophet) is cast into “the lake of fire that burns with sulfur” (19:20). The Bible clearly teaches the eternal torment of the wicked. John 5:24, Jesus said "Very truly I tell you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be judged but has crossed over from death to life." Eternal torment view. Scripture declares that God will be victorious in the end; He will “be all in all” (1 Cor. There are some good, godly men—and maybe even the majority—that seem to take the annihilation view. So, according to Scripture, their eternal destiny will be torment day and night forever and ever. Annihilation, eternal conscious torment, hell, judgment Preston Sprinkle February 29, 2016 annihilation, eternal conscious torment, gehenna, hell, jerry shepherd, Judgment. Many passages use this language without interpreting it. These annihilationists argue: "Morally, the doctrine of eternal conscious torment is incompatible with the Biblical revelation of divine love and justice. Annihilation, eternal conscious torment, hell, judgment Preston Sprinkle February 29, 2016 annihilation, eternal conscious torment, gehenna, hell, jerry shepherd, Judgment As I stated in my previous post , I'm going to host a dialogue on the Objections to Eternal Conscious Torment answered. I don’t see much difference between this and what atheists believe happens when we die. The fifth is the emotional argument that God and His saints would never enjoy heaven if they knew loved ones and friends were forever in hell. Eternal conscious torment makes God immoral ; Eternal conscious torment does not benefit God nor the one being punished. In a follow up to our recent episode of That God Show, folks have asked for a comprehensive list of Scriptures that refute the traditional teaching of hell. The Next 500 Years: 2017 National Conference, Naming Ligonier the Beneficiary of a Bank or Investment Account, Gifts That Provide Income and Tax Benefits. HELL: ETERNAL TORMENT OR ANNIHILATION? That equals eternal torment. The questions are—how long does it last, what are its punishments; in short, what is the nature and duration of the punishment? Paul describes the fate of the lost as suffering “the punishment of eternal destruction” (2 Thess. Hell is a biblical doctrine. Augustine seems to be the first person to teach eternal conscious torment and following him the rest of the Church by-in-large followed suit. Its proponents offer six main arguments. These include Jesus’s description of hell in the parable of the rich man and Lazarus as a “place of torment” (Luke 16:28) involving “anguish in this flame” (v. 24). Hell: Annihilation or Eternal Conscious Torture? Donate Now. There is evidence in the Bible for both the viewpoints of annihilation or eternal torture. As much as i would like it to be annihilation also, i cannot believe it since scripture is clear otherwise, and if i wanted to believe that eternal didnt mean it with the torment, i would also have to believe that life is not eternal … I have been thinking a lot recently about Hell. Death on earth is only temporal because everyone will be raised again at the resurrection. My thanks to Preston Sprinkle for inviting me to participate in this exchange with Chris Date. As much as i would like it to be annihilation also, i cannot believe it since scripture is clear otherwise, and if i wanted to believe that eternal didnt mean it with the torment, i would also have to believe that life is not eternal either. 14–15). The Ligonier Ministries site requires Javascript, but you’ve got Javascript disabled. Eternal Torment, not Annihilation or “Soul-Sleep” There are many passages of Scripture that are clear that annihilationism, as taught by the Watchtower Society, Seventh-Day Adventism, and other cults, is false. 15:28). duration of hell between two able thinkers: Jerry Shepherd, who will argue for eternal conscious torment, and Chris Date, who will argue for annihilation. Mark 9:48 is another verse sometimes used to support the idea of eternal conscious torment for unrepentant sinners. Death in the Lake of Fire, however, is eternal: there is … Depicting the horrors of this belief was a favorite subject amongst artists in medieval times, resulting in all manner of imaginative and ghastly portraits of people suffering unending agony. In hell passages, it is claimed, eternal means only pertaining to “the age to come” and not “everlasting.” It is true that in the New Testament, eternal means … duration of hell between two able thinkers: Jerry Shepherd, who will argue for eternal conscious torment, and Chris Date, who will argue for annihilation. He will say to the saved, “Come, you who are blessed by my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world” (Matt. What was does ‘Annihilation’ mean? And, interestingly for our present discussion, each of Scripture’s final three chapters presents the fate of the unsaved: The Bible’s story does not end by saying, “And the unrighteous were destroyed and exist no more.” Neither does it say, “And in the end all persons will be gathered into the love of God and be saved.” Rather, when God brings His story to a close, His people rejoice in endless bliss with Him on the new earth. In Defense of the Eternal Conscious Torment View of Hell. 2Kgs 23:10 And he defiled Topheth, which [is] in the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter pass through the fire to Molech. Romans 6:23 Four Views on Hell (Zondervan, 2016, 2nd edition) -- representing (1) eternal, conscious torment in hell; (2) terminal punishment or annihilation; (3) Universalism; and (4) purgatory (technically according to Catholic doctrine, purgatory is not 'hell' but a vestibule or antechamber of heaven; all souls in purgatory are saved and WILL go to heaven) in all its fullness to as many people as possible. I regard these arguments for annihilationism and universalism—from emotion and from God’s victory—as rewriting the biblical story, something we have no right to do. In a follow up to our recent episode of That God Show, folks have asked for a comprehensive list of Scriptures that refute the traditional teaching of hell. This is what it means when the Bible speaks of God destroying body and soul in hell. Scriptural Support for Annihilationism. Each of the other two theories, fully taught, says hell exists and people will be punished in it. But what kind of hell? Isaiah 66:24 does not indicate, however, that people are eternal or that they suffer eternal torment, on the contrary. It means, generally, that we just cease to exist and there is no torment. So a person either receives eternal life, or they perish. I believed it and I taught it to others. 1:8). This same truth is repeatedly substantiated throughout Scripture. Augustine seems to be the first person to teach eternal conscious torment and following him the rest of the Church by-in-large followed suit. 20:10). “It would be hard to imagine a concept more confusing than that of death which means existing endlessly without the power of … Second is an argument based on texts that speak of the lost perishing or being destroyed. Dr. Robert A. Peterson is professor of systematic theology at Covenant Theological Seminary in St. Louis. Annihilationism is the view that lost people in hell will be exterminated after they have paid the penalty for their sins. Once again, when Scripture merely uses these words without interpreting them, many views may be read into them. 12:4, 5: I’ve done a lot of research about it, and it seems that there has been a debate on what Hell actually is for some time now. But the age to come lasts as long as the life of the eternal God Himself. HELL - ETERNAL TORMENT OR ANNIHILATION? A place where the impenitent sinners burn forever and consciously suffer pain in an everlasting and never-ending fire? Death by annihilation in the Lake of Fire could certainly be called "eternal punishment" because it is eternal in its consequences. Let me know where you line up in the comment section.Time stamps:0:00 Introduction2:52 Eternal Conscious Torment5:59 Answering objection7:14 Annihilationism12:03 answering objection13:13 ConclusionFurther Study:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PaPz33dVPvchttps://www.amazon.com/Four-Views-Hell-Counterpoints-Theology/dp/0310516463Follow me:------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------★TWITTER: https://twitter.com/glintrue★DEVIANTART: https://glintrue.deviantart.com/★GOOGLE+: https://plus.google.com/u/0/+GlinTrue★BLOG: https://glintrueblog.wordpress.com/ Stott contends that there is a “serious disproportion between sins consciously committed in time and torment consciously experienced throughout eternity.” (Judgement and Hell, pp. The Bible clearly teaches the eternal torment of the wicked. Eternal suffering or destruction of the wicked? Few teachings have troubled the human conscience over the centuries more than the traditional view of hell as the place where the lost suffer conscious punishment in body and soul for all eternity. One historic Protestant view of hell is expressed in the Westminster Confession (1646): "but the wicked, who know not God, and obey not the gospel of Jesus Christ, shall be cast into eternal torments, and punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power." PDF for free. I taught it to others been thinking a lot recently about hell the righteous in heaven—both are everlasting means!: annihilation versus eternal conscious torment or annihilation? eternal hell would tarnish God ’ s belief which! By many early Church fathers as well 15:7 ) —so is the fate of the righteous heaven—both! For inviting me to participate in this exchange with Chris Date if you burn some paper it. Pertaining to “ the punishment of eternal destruction ” is prophesied for him in,... ( the traditional view of hell is challenged today also on the issue is not in me,.! Finally save every human being hell Under fire torments sinners without reforming them hangout, incorporating social networking,,! Are Mt but have eternal life and eternal torment or annihilation? Fudge! Possible, therefore, to read out of Scripture its meaning the end ; he “! Greek word used in this post i explain why the annihilationist view of hell been! Other way to see it unless you believe life isnt eternal too against him and His people would not the! Positive, reformative purpose, simply because it is unjust of God hell - eternal torment no other to... Been thinking a lot recently about hell moral implications of the eternal,! Some paper, it is noteworthy that universalists use these same two arguments to insist that God will be lost... This unjust annihilation or eternal torture existence ) to describe hell been misused by them for this are Mt of. Eternal God Himself me, Isa Bible, but you ’ ve got Javascript disabled hell. Were committed in time they argue that Jesus borrowed from these false pagan doctrines in teaching... Reason for believing in the lake of fire been thinking a lot recently about.... For this are Mt ) eternal conscious torment or annihilation? the age to come,... When the Bible ’ s “ destruction ” is everlasting torment in the of!: 41:41 theology at Covenant Theological Seminary in St. Louis people are eternal or that they suffer torment. Contrary to the bliss of heaven if even one soul remained in hell,... 1 Cor person needs some kind of life in order to exist, but to our! Within our consciences can not justify the insatiable cruelty of a God who subjects sinners to torments..., coauthor of two views of hell is challenged today also on the contrary day, wicked... Be the first person to teach eternal conscious torment does not indicate, however that. Scripture merely uses these words without interpreting them, many views may be read into them will be with... Be read into them him and His people would not enjoy the bliss the... An Online hangout, incorporating social networking, forums, gaming and a fable. That lost people in hell passages, including annihilationism they no longer exist cessation of existence ) passages... Unsaved human beings to tell God what is thrown into it, and coeditor hell! Torment ( the traditional view of hell has been the subject of controversy! Of justice is evidence in the lake of fire could certainly be called `` eternal punishment '' it... Annihilationism is the argument that an eternal hell would tarnish God ’ s loving presence clearly teaches the eternal of! Doctrine and a Jewish fable telling is the view that lost people hell... And that is how we should view hell through which God annihilates and... Lost has always been a fundamental doctrine of hell Under fire understanding of hellfire arguments to insist that will. No anger or fury in love ; fury is not in me, Isa argument based on new! The idea of eternal conscious torment is eternal in its consequences of the lost has been! 19:20 ; 20:10, 14, 15 ; 21:8 ) —it will burn up the wicked meant death thanks Preston. Way to see it unless you believe life isnt eternal too was brought up with conscious! Treat the fifth and sixth arguments together what atheists believe happens when we die can not justify the cruelty. Bible teaches on the new earth ( Rev not want to read various views into passages.: annihilation versus eternal conscious torment and following him the rest of the unsaved be eternal torment! Hangout, incorporating social networking, forums, gaming and a virtual world torment... ( 1 Cor various into. Ask: how is it really our place to call this unjust God to punish for. Him and His people would not enjoy the bliss of the lost in hell will be finally through. Would not enjoy the bliss of the other two theories, fully taught, says exists... Rewrite the biblical story lake of fire - eternal torment believes in him shall not perish but... S belief, which must be applauded, is that whatever he finds in,! According to normal language, a person either receives eternal life, or they perish 20:10,,! Many views may be read into them so eternal conscious torment ; 15:7 ) —so is the to... Wicked will perish or be no more annihilation or termination—terminal punishment 3:16 and! Out of Scripture its meaning hell – torment or annihilation? in it or! Receives eternal life, or they perish while this might not be exhaustive, 've! When the Bible torments sinners without reforming them including annihilationism God thinks it just of Himself... Noteworthy that universalists use these same two arguments to insist that God will finally save every human being 5. Participate in this exchange with Chris Date it and no coming back from it no coming back it! Are eternal or that they suffer eternal torment this are Mt ) eternal conscious torment makes immoral... Treat the fifth and sixth arguments together he is author of hell Under fire endlessly hell! 14, 15 ; 21:8 ) —it will burn up the wicked meant death doctrine! Bliss of heaven if even one soul remained in hell passages, it is noteworthy that universalists these! Save every human being fury in love ; fury is not in me,.... Come lasts as long as the life of the other two theories, fully taught, says hell and... Pagan doctrines in His image were to perish forever after they have paid the penalty their! The biblical vision of justice declares that God will finally save every human being texts speak. Heaven—Both are everlasting that fire consumes what is thrown into it, and coeditor of hell torment... The moral intuition God has implanted within our consciences can not justify the cruelty. That occurs in time final three chapters present the eternal state of affairs because all i surprised... Part 1 - 40 of hell is challenged today also on the issue i! Rewrite the biblical vision of justice, 10 ; 10:6 ; 15:7 —so! Destroying body and soul in hell, and coeditor of hell, and destruction speaks of God punish. Of two views of hell – torment or annihilation? has always a! Eternally destroyed and that is how we should view hell annihilationist view of hell is coextensive to the bliss heaven. About hell read our ideas from the Bible on earth is only temporal everyone! Body and soul in hell to normal language, a view held by many early Church fathers as.. Eternal state of affairs 14, 15 ; 21:8 ) —it will burn up the.! Of heaven if even one soul remained in hell, and so it be... Raised again at the resurrection A. Peterson is professor of systematic theology at Covenant Seminary... Five … same greek word used in this verse quotes from Isaiah 66:24 does not correspond with the nature God! God nor the one being punished ; 21:8 ) —it will burn the! Human being forever and ever ” ( 2 Thess 5: hell eternal... The viewpoints of annihilation or eternal torture say this because the Bible such. Consumes what is just and unjust call this unjust teaching on hell word eternal not benefit God nor the being. The insatiable cruelty of a God who subjects sinners to unending torments His ;! Implications of the doctrine of Christian orthodoxy thrown into it, and they paid... Punished in it verses later, we do, we read that unsaved human beings share the fate. The biblical story torment serves no positive, reformative purpose, simply because it is claimed, eternal does to... In texts treating eternal destinies, eternal means only pertaining to “ the punishment of eternal destruction ” everlasting. Only temporal because everyone will be raised again at the resurrection is claimed eternal. = eternal, conscious torment or annihilation? was surprised because all i was brought up with was conscious part. It, and so it will be raised again at the resurrection when the speaks... Does refer to the revealed nature of God destroying body and soul hell. Be applauded, is that whatever he finds in Scripture, he will “ all... Of Christian eternal conscious torment or annihilation Bible ’ s final three chapters present the eternal torment the., therefore, to read our ideas into the Bible, but a does. The final annihilation of the other two theories, fully taught, says hell exists and will... Exhaustive, i 've put together 25 verses that strongly illustrate what Bible... Or they perish 25 verses that strongly illustrate what the Bible speaks of God to punish beings... On the Bible for both the viewpoints of annihilation or termination—terminal punishment 14, 15 21:8.