It uses fewer natural resources in its production and is the model sustainable crop. With more people avoiding it for health reasons like celiac disease or non-celiac gluten sensitivity, the demand for gluten-free products is on the rise (9). Eating these super-foods may reduce the risk of chronic disease and lengthen your life. When it comes to weird animal parts, we're firmly in a post-Fergus Henderson, post-Mario Batali era. Sorghum is a nutrient-packed grain that you can use in many ways. The color and consistency of sorghum syrup are similar to those of molasses. Sorghum is a cereal grain that’s widely produced around the world. Eating a diet rich in these antioxidants can lower oxidative stress and inflammation in your body (1). China purchased around $1 billion worth of American sorghum per year until April 2018 when China imposed retaliatory duties on American sorghum as part of the trade war between the two countries. * As a crop, sorghum's heat and drought-tolerant, sustainable to grow and may be the biofuel we've all been waiting for. For a nutritious snack, try popping the whole grains on the stovetop to make popcorn. Sorghum, also called milo, is truly a versatile crop. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. Sorghum flour's a player in most gluten-free flour blends for gloriously gluten-free breads and pastries. Here are the 14 best gluten-free flours. Finally, this grain is a great source of protein. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Background and History. If you find it too sweet, use slightly less or add more liquid. 2. Here’s our process. Therefore, be sure to check the label to ensure they’re made in a gluten-free facility. Amaranth is an ancient grain that is loaded with healthy nutrients. Sorghum contains selenium and niacin which are thought to help in the prevention of cancer. Sorghum is many thousands of years old. It’s a significant source of many vitamins and minerals, fiber, and protein, all of which contribute to good health. Blackstrap molasses contains vitamins and minerals, like iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamin B6, and selenium. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. A diet rich in fiber promotes gut health, stabilizes your blood sugar levels, and aids weight management (2, 7). Furthermore, half a cup (96 grams) of sorghum provides approximately 20% of the recommended daily fiber intake. Furthermore, you can enjoy this whole grain as a hearty side dish. The plant likely originated in Africa, where it is a major food crop, and has numerous varieties, including grain sorghums, used for food; grass sorghums, grown for hay and fodder; and broomcorn , used in making brooms and brushes. Sorghum is versatile and easy to add to a wealth of recipes. Sorghum is a non-GMO, gluten free, ancient grain that is most commonly used as feed for livestock but is also a popular food grain for people residing in Asia and Africa. Here are 12 healthy ancient…. Generally, you can replace gluten-containing flour for sorghum in baked products like bread, cookies, or other desserts. Here is a detailed look at amaranth and its health benefits. It comes in a distant fifth for most produced grains—behind barley, rice, wheat, and corn. A popular baking alternative and nutritious whole grain, sorghum helps improve heart health, reduces inflammation, and promotes digestion. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. If you have celiac disease or a gluten sensitivity, it's important to avoid the protein gluten. Sorghum is an environmentally responsible crop. 2. We include products we think are useful for our readers. It’s rich in vitamins and minerals like B vitamins, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, iron, and zinc. 1. The syrup has a rich, dark color and consistency similar to molasses but with a milder taste. A natural sweetener created from juice squeezed from the stalks of a special variety of sweet sorghum. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. While there are more than 30 different species of sorghum, only one is harvested for human consumption, while the others are primarily used as a fodder for animals. Along with essential nutrients, super-foods feed our body the necessary nutrients that our Standard American Diet is lacking. Its whole grain is commonly used in baking, while its syrup is used as a sweetener. They are then dried and stored whole. All rights reserved. The grains are red and hard when ripe and ready for harvest. Here are 14 healthy whole-grain foods to add to your…. There are many species of sorghum, the most popular being Sorghum bicolor, which is native to Africa. Not only is it used in cereals and flour, but it's also used in livestock feed, to produce ethanol and to make syrup, and the stalks can be used to make brooms. Weak bones can limit our lives to a great extent. One species, Sorghum bicolor,[7] native to Africa with many cultivated forms now,[8] is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses"), animal fodder, the production of alcoholic beverages, and biofuels. If you’re looking for a nutritious grain to add to your next meal, give sorghum a try. What’s more, it’s easy to replace rice or quinoa with whole sorghum in most recipes. It benefits your bones, blood, and even…. The different varieties of sorghum come in many colors, including red, purple, and br… 14 Healthy Whole-Grain Foods (Including Gluten-Free Options), 8 Gluten-Free Grains That Are Super Healthy, 5 Benefits of Farro, A Healthy and Nutritious Ancient Grain, Amaranth: An Ancient Grain With Impressive Health Benefits. First and foremost, in the United States, sorghum is used as livestock feed and turned into ethanol. Its grain can be made into... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Half a cup of uncooked sorghum (96 grams) provides (2): Sorghum is rich in a variety of nutrients, including B vitamins, which play an essential role in metabolism, neural development, and skin and hair health (3, 4, 5). For those looking for a gluten-free grain, sorghum is a super healthy option. It’s thought to be one of the more sustainable, environmentally-friendly grain options. One reason sorghum is such a popular crop is that it is able to withstand a drought. Starches are a type of carbohydrate that can be either healthy or unhealthy, depending on how processed they are. This tall, broad-leaf plant resembles corn in the field, but the grain crop is best known for its end product: sweet sorghum syrup. Sorghum is an ancient cereal grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae. Today, the United States is the largest producer of sorghum where it's primarily used for animal feed. Sorghum is among the most efficient crops in conversion of solar energy and use of water and is known as a high-energy, drought tolerant crop that is environmentally friendly. It’s rich in nutrients and easy to add to your diet, but its merits don’t stop there. It has been consumed in countries throughout the world for centuries. Sorghum is a cereal grain that grows tall like corn, and it is used for a lot more than just sweetening. Once you feel comfortable with the idea … This article takes a close look at grains and their health effects, both the good stuff and the…, Replacing refined grains in favor of whole grains has been linked to various health benefits. The following are some ways you can enjoy it: You can purchase sorghum online or at bulk food stores. That said, sorghum-containing products may be made in facilities that produce gluten-containing products. The Sorghum Belt runs from South Dakota to Southern Texas. Get inspired by sorghum and add a new twist to your favorite meals. That said, interest in using it for human food is increasing, thanks to its impressive nutritional profile (1). It’s likewise an excellent source of fiber, antioxidants, and protein. Both products have a thick consistency and are dark brown, but they’re processed differently (10). For the principal modern crop species, see, "Sorgo" redirects here. Farro is a healthy ancient grain. Sorghum, (Sorghum bicolor), also called great millet, Indian millet, milo, durra, orshallu, cereal grain plant of the grass family and its edible starchy seeds. It’s also a rich source of magnesium, a mineral that’s important for bone formation, heart health, and over 600 biochemical reactions in your body, such as energy production and protein metabolism (6). In recipes that call for molasses, you can generally replace it with sorghum syrup at a ratio of 1:1. Sorghum grass seed has higher protein content than corn and is used as a principal feed ingredient for cattle and poultry. 1936, Harry Nelson Vinall, Joseph Charlworth Stephens, John Holmes Martin, Identification, History, and Distribution of Common Sorghum Varieties, US Department of Agriculture, Technical Bulletin No. It’s small, round, and usually white or yellow — though some varieties are red, brown, black, or purple (1). By Amy GrantHave you ever heard of sorghum plants? It’s also widely used as a natural and cost-effective fuel source. S. bicolor is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia, and is the fifth-most important cereal crop grown in the world. Sorghum and the flour made from it is an example of one of these grains 1. [14], This article is about the plant genus. Super-foods are considered to be nutrient-rich powerhouses that are beneficial for overall health and well-being. sorghum definition: 1. a type of grain grown in hot countries 2. a type of grain grown in hot countries. In traditional form, it is a towering plant over 6 feet (2 meters) tall, although many varieties designed for cultivation are dwarf breeds, specially designed fo… In North America, sorghum is commonly used in animal feed and ethanol fuel production. Sorghum, the ancient grain that's so popular in the South, acts the most like corn kernels when heated. Farmers favor this crop due to its tolerance to drought, heat, and various soil conditions (1). Although sorghum is less known in the Western world, it’s the fifth most produced cereal crop in the world, with an annual production of around 57.6 million tons. However, considering that most people consume too much sugar, be sure to consume any high sugar products in moderation. This article reviews the nutritional content and many uses of sorghum. Sorghum is the broad term for an entire genus of grasses that are native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Finally, use sorghum flour as a gluten-free alternative to other types of flour. It's sometimes called milo, and in India, it is known as jowar. Syrup made from the juice of this plant. However, the growing gluten-free market has found a new use for sorghumas a popular ingredient in gluten-free flour and baking mixes. Whole grains have many legitimate health benefits. That’s different than plain old sugar cane, which yields molasses, or, for that matter, the trees that yield maple syrup. At one time, sorghum was an important crop and served as a sugar substitute for many people. The United States is the world's largest producer of grain sorghum, having produced 480 million bushels in 2016. Sorghum syrup: “Sweet sorghum,” a species of sorghum with a higher sugar content in its stalks, is … It’s also converted into a syrup that’s used to sweeten many processed foods. Queensland Government", "Sorghum, targeted by tariffs, is a U.S. crop China started buying only five years ago", FAO Report (1995) "Sorghum and millets in human nutrition", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sorghum&oldid=994667665, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 22:24. In addition, sorghum is high in antioxidants like flavonoids, phenolic acids, and tannins. 22 Page 600 高粱属 gao liang shu, "Ecogeographical distribution of wild, weedy and cultivated Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench in Kenya: implications for conservation and crop-to-wild gene flow", "Sorghum- and millet-legume cropping systems", "Flavonoids' presence in sorghum roots may lead to frost-resistant crop", "Move over, quinoa: sorghum is the new 'wonder grain, "Cyanide (prussic acid) and nitrate in sorghum crops Primary industries and fisheries. Sorghum definition is - any of an economically important genus (Sorghum) of Old World tropical grasses similar to corn in habit but with the spikelets in pairs on a hairy rachis; especially : any of various cultivars (such as grain sorghum or sorgo) derived from a wild form (S. bicolor synonym S. vulgare). It was originally cultivated in Egypt in antiquity; the largest producers of sorghum in the modern era are still in Africa, although the crop has spread to southern Asia and the Americas as well. Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia,[2][3] with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It provides specific nutritional qualities as well as adding variety and texture to standard baked goods. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is a less well-known grain in the world food market. Gluten is a group of proteins found in certain grains that gives food products a stretchy quality and structure. Sorghum is an important grain because it gives an alternative to wheat for those who need a gluten-free diet, it is usually eaten as a whole-grain which keeps the hull and its’ nutrients intact. Sorghum boasts an impressive nutrient profile. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. Although both sorghum syrup and molasses originate from the Poaceae grass family, the former comes from the juice of the sorghum plant, while the latter is derived from sugarcane (10). Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. An ancient cereal flour, sorghum flour is widely used in our day-to-day routine because of its various health benefits and uses. Here is a complete overview of what it is, how it benefits your health and ideas for adding it to your diet. This article lists the top nine benefits of whole grains, as well as who might want to avoid them. Sorghum is a gluten-free grain with a lot of uses. [4][5] One species is grown for grain, while many others are used as fodder plants, either cultivated in warm climates worldwide or naturalized in pasture lands. It’s one of the top five cereal crops in the world and can be grown as a grain, forage or sweet crop. The United States is the world’s largest producer of sorghum. Sorghum is a quality wholegrain, providing important nutrients including protein, dietary fibre and a range of minerals and vitamins. the syrup made from sorgo. Sorghum is high in dietary fiber and has a neutral flavor making it ideal for use in numerous types of gluten free food products. Like most gluten-free flours it cannot be used solely as a wheat flour substitute but it is commonly used in several branded gluten-free flour blends such as Bob’s Red Mill Gluten Free 1-To-1 Baking Flour due to non-assertive flavour and soft texture. Bone Health. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. The flour of this plant is often used as a substitute for wheat because of its gluten-free characteristic. It will actually pop into a soft, white snack -- although it is slightly smaller than what you get with popped corn. Sorghum flour is finely ground from the whole grain kernel of Sorghum. Last medically reviewed on November 26, 2019, Grains are the edible seeds of plants called cereals. Here are 19 foods high in starch. In fact, it provides as much protein as quinoa, a cereal grain renowned for its high protein content (8). Sorghum is naturally gluten-free, making it a good option if you’re avoiding gluten. Most varieties are drought- and heat-tolerant, and nitrogen-efficient,[9] and are especially important in arid regions, where the grain is one of the staples for poor and rural people. Similarly to molasses, sorghum syrup is widely used as a sweetener in the food industry. Because of it’s gluten free properties, sorghum is a welcome whole grain alternative for those who … Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia, with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. In its whole form, this grain can be cooked like quinoa or rice, milled into a flour, or popped like popcorn. A variety of healthy, gluten-free alternatives to regular or wheat flour exist for those who avoid gluten. A cultivated grass (Sorghum bicolor) native to sub-Saharan Africa, several varieties of which are widely grown for their grain, as forage, or as a source of syrup. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Sorghum is one of the top five cereal crops in the world. Sorghum is an underrated, nutrient-rich cereal grain. One species is grown for grain, while … Sorghum syrup is lower in total sugar but higher in fructose, making it sweeter than molasses (10). Other popular species are native to Australia, India, and other Southeast Asian countries (1). It's a popular crop to grow within the drier regions of the States because it is drought resistant. Ancient grains have remained largely unchanged for thousands of years and may offer more nutrients than modern grains. It often prevents you from enjoying … Sorghum is one of the top cereal crops in the world, along with wheat, oats, corn, rice, and barley. Sorghum is an ancient cereal grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Where is sorghum grown? Sorghum vulgare) the grains of which are used to make flour and as cattle feed. In most recipes, it can replace grains at a 1:1 ratio. For the Ragusan family, see, "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew", "Sorghum laxiflorum and S. macrospermum, the Australian native species most closely related to the cultivated S. bicolor based on ITS1 and ndhF sequence analysis of 28 Sorghum species", "Flora of China Vol. Sorghum is a cereal grain that originated about 5,000 years ago in Africa where it continues to be an important food source today. Try sorghum for breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks your friends and family will love. A cereal, Sorghum bicolor (syn. Sorghum is available as a syrup or milled flour, as well as in whole or flaked form. The syrup is made from the juice of sorghum, while molasses comes from sugarcane. Here are 8 gluten-free grains you can eat instead. [10][11], In the early stages of the plants' growth, some species of sorghum can contain levels of hydrogen cyanide, hordenine, and nitrates which are lethal to grazing animals. It is light or beige in colour with a mild sweet flavour. [12][13], Global demand for sorghum increased dramatically between 2013 and 2015 when China began purchasing US sorghum crops to use as livestock feed as a substitute for domestically grown corn. Although it is slightly smaller than what you get with popped corn necessary nutrients that our Standard American diet lacking... Brown, but they ’ re made in facilities that produce gluten-containing products a player in recipes. 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Quinoa or rice, and protein, all of which contribute to good health that our Standard diet... Juice of sorghum include products we think are useful for our readers gloriously gluten-free and! Looking for a lot more than just sweetening species of sorghum syrup at a 1:1 ratio kernel sorghum., phenolic acids, and tannins phosphorus, iron, calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus iron! Model sustainable crop sugar products in moderation in fact, it provides specific nutritional qualities as as... Belt runs from South Dakota to Southern Texas fiber intake human food is increasing, thanks to its tolerance drought...