Read all of Eric's MOTHER EARTH NEWS posts here. The hay will supply a lot of their nutrients and they will get the rest or fill up on the rest through the loose minerals you provide. Buying from the local farmer, second cutting orchard hay runs about $7.50 a bale where I’m at. Very coarse hay or forage is not readily digestible by goats, so they prefer not to eat them. For example, long-lived herbicides are sometimes used to select for certain kinds of plants in the field, and these can remain on the hay and kill broad-leafed plants a year or more later, even through the composting process. Hay is the main source of nutrients for goats in non-grazing seasons, or all the time if they dont have access to browse. ), [GoatCamp™] [Tennessee Meat Goats™] [Myotonic Goats] [TexMaster™ Goats] [Which Breed is Right for You?] Watch them in a brushy pasture, and you’ll see that they don’t eat everything. Hay is grass that has been cut and dried, then baled or collected to use as animal feed. Once, early on, we bought alfalfa hay right out of the field that was far too green. While small square bales are ideal for ease of feeding, putting them up, is more labor-, time- and cost-intensive than baling large round or large square bales. Some growers test their own hay and have that information on hand for buyers, a good sign of a competent source. Ideally, you should buy hay freshly baled from the field in early summer. and founder can occur. Broad-leafed woody plants, commonly called "browse," have the same drawback as "forbs," in that they are slow-growers in relation to grazing rates, resulting in their also being over-grazed. It’s better to err toward too much than too little. Feeding Nigerian Dwarf Dairy Goats Forage. At MOTHER EARTH NEWS for 50 years and counting, we are dedicated to conserving our planet's natural resources while helping you conserve your financial resources. They then cut it up into smaller chunks and spray it with molasses. Moldy hay can make a goat sick and is also a fire hazard. Chert Hollow Farm seeks to integrate food and farming into the ecosystem. If desired, you can have hay tested to learn more about its nutritional content; here in Missouri the service is offered by the university extension. Alfalfa is very high in protein relative to other hays. Indeed, over-grazing can occur and actually cause them to disappear. Neither of these definitions are perfect; straw can also be considered any plant material used for mulching (like pine straw made of needles), but when considering animal feed,  you’re looking for cut and dried edible plants. Providing goats with a combination of alfalfa and grass hays along with the proper grain mix will bring the protein level up and insure that there is adequate roughage in the diet to stimulate the digestive action of the goat's rumen. Try to cultivate the rust resistant varieties, because ryegrass is susceptible to crown rust. Some people associate alfalfa hay with urinary calculi in bucks. Here again, it is easy to over-graze and lose this nutritional resource. If you have to cut corners, save your highest quality hay for your gestating does, as their systems will need the biggest boost. Here are some things we’ve learned to consider when sourcing hay for our herd. This steel hay rack that clips to the fence with spring clips - or you can screw it into a wooden wall - holds two flakes of hay … And for what it’s worth, goats generally will not eat hay off the ground. Hay quality relates to when it’s cut; most hay will contain the most nutrients when the plants are young and still growing. Much of the nutrition in the grass is preserved in the hay, and it makes great feed for goats. Chaffhaye is alfalfa or grass that has been cut early. Our team of rangeland experts has designed a goat pasture seed mix … Browse plants include brambles, shrubs, trees, and vines with woody stems. The main point here is to provide hay (and possibly grain) to best care for the individual goats that you have. Just feeding a grain to help with energy is not enough. It adds good bacteria to … Straw . Many areas have poor quality or brackish water. But in terms of hay and other treats, they can be very selective. • Health & Management ArticlesChevonTalk Discussion Group • Links • Registration • Meat Goat Mania •. Bottom line, this is a good sturdy goat hay feeder that holds up well with my bigger bucks or goats with horns intact. Since dietary needs vary from goat to goat and from season to season, when it comes to concentrates, the eye of the master fattens the goat. The rumen is the first stomach compartment (rich in live bacteria) that begins to digest the fiber. Legume hays, such as clover and alfalfa, usually have more protein, vitamins, and minerals, particularly calcium, than grass hays. In addition, goats selectively graze unwanted vegetation in pastures and forests, thus providing biological control which will reduce dependence on certain pesticides. Each goat had gained 10 - 20 lbs. Lesson learned. good hay is limited. . Their growing season is longer than browse or forbs. Time and observation will help you learn the nuances of your own herd and location, but the questions and principles above will help guide your choices. Around mid-fall, I start feeding my girls a bit of extra hay and pelleted feed to … As a general rule, stemmier hays have less nutritional value than leafy hays. Nutritionally alfalfa is the same regardless of whether it is pellets, cubes, or hay, but goats really need the long stem forage, such as hay, to keep their rumen working. . Rye can be applied without tilling in existing stubble grass and … For making a nutritious winter feed for your goats, you can cut ryegrass for hay and mix with red clover or other grasses. If fiber levels are high, digestibility will be low , even if the protein level is high. The hay will supply a lot of their nutrients and they will get the rest or fill up on the rest through the loose minerals you provide. Maintaining a sound program of rotational grazing/browsing/foraging and taking care of your plants will provide a well-balanced diet for your goats. You can inspect hay bales before purchasing to look for signs of problematic plants, or even better can try to view the field before cutting. Storing your own hay also means you have control over conditions and don’t have to scramble to find more during winter, when prices may be higher, supplies more limited, and quality less certain. All information provided in these articles is based either on personal experience or information provided by others whose treatments and practices have been discussed fully with a vet for accuracy and effectiveness before passing them on to readers. The rumen is the first stomach compartment (rich in live bacteria) that begins to digest the fiber. We try to hot-compost all waste hay and animal bedding to minimize the risk of viable seeds getting through, but it’s best not to introduce them in the first place. Try to cultivate the rust resistant varieties, because ryegrass is susceptible to crown rust. Hi, thanks for stopping by. When feeding higher grain levels in late pregnancy, be sure that ample hay or forage is available to prevent digestive problems such as acidosis and pregnancy toxemia. We would appreciate notification from any clubs or publications when the articles are used. We’ve found the same to be true of hay, and it’s important to consider whether your hay has enough of the plant material goats will want. Mature goats, regardless of type, usually prefer a grass and legume style hay mix to fulfill their dietary needs. Hay for Sheep Sheep, like goats, prefer fine, leafy hay and will not eat coarse hay. The only goats that should have alfalfa are milkers or does that are nursing kids, as well as kids themselves and does in late pregnancy because they need lots of protein and calcium. Plants that are toxic fresh can be a problem in hay, as well. Ideally, you would try to identify a hay supplier ahead of time and look at the hayfield before it’s cut to determine what’s in it and how healthy the plants look. Grass hay provides a moderate amount of protein and energy for the goat diet. Does the hay have unwanted chemicals in it? The nutrition of hay can also vary widely depending on its maturity when it was cut and baled. Timothy grass is a good alternative of alfalfa. Wasted hay is wasted money on the farm and our goal is to waste as little money and hay for that matter as possible. There is no single perfect forage or hay for goats. First cut alfalfa hay has the reputation of having large tough stems, but this is only true if the hay was too mature when cut. ... cut the hay with brush hog. Small square bales: Traditional rectangular-shaped, string- or wire-tied bales are generally 2x2x4 feet and weigh between 40 and 100 pounds. Browse plants include brambles, shrubs, trees, and vines with woody stems. To learn more about the author of this post, click on the byline link at the top of the page. Water that is high in calcium and magnesium salts may also increase the probability of urinary calculi. Goat Mineral Guide. Already a Member? For a farm like ours, which collects and composts its animal bedding for vegetable fertility, this is a serious concern, and we were writing about “killer hay” on our own site way back in 2008. Like to read more content, Join the Mother Earth News Community Today! Overall hay quality is much more important than the specific type of hay. It’s the dried equivalent of what the animal would want to eat fresh. Inadequate intake of water, along with overfeeding of grain, particularly regarding male goats, are the likely culprits in causing urinary calculi. Does the hay contain unwanted seeds or poisonous plants? Here in Missouri, our highly variable winters range from warm, open southern conditions great for year-round grazing to bitter, icy, plains winters where the goats spend  months in the barn reliant on hay. The hay will be OK, A square baler will bale it but the bales will bust up when they come out of the baler. If you go with alfalfa hay, often necessary for pregnant or milking does, it costs even more. Despite their reputation, goats are actually finicky eaters, and this fact should guide you when choosing hay. Chaffhaye Chaffhaye is made by cutting early alfalfa or grass, chopping it, mixing it with molasses and a probiotic culture called bacillus subtilis and vacuum-packing it. This is actually a good move on their part. The milk molecule is built around protein. Our team of rangeland experts has designed a goat pasture seed mix … And once their hay hits the ground, they're not going to touch it. Sweet clover is fine for fresh grazing, but can mold easily in hay and become toxic. Since dietary needs vary from goat to goat and from season to season, when it comes to concentrates, the eye of the master fattens the goat. Very coarse hay or forage is not readily digestible by goats, so they prefer not to eat them. are Trademarks of Onion Creek Ranch . During droughts, there won't be enough rain to germinate the seeds, thereby reducing or eliminating this source of nutrition for goats. Weeds do tend to appear in first-cut hay. Alfalfa hay is really ideal. The long fiber lengths are necessary for this. The goat's total diet should be 14-16% protein. Chaffhaye Chaffhaye is made by cutting early alfalfa or grass, chopping it, mixing it with molasses and a probiotic culture called bacillus subtilis and vacuum-packing it. Access to outside vegetation can reduce the amount of hay that it’s necessary to feed goats and the exercise is good for them. The narrow slats allow for easy access to the hay without goats feeling the need to put their entire head inside. As a working definition, hay is the cut & dried stem/leaf material of non-grain livestock-edible plants such as grasses and legumes. The goats have gotten a taste of the oats and now pretty much pick the oats out of the goat chow and leave the pellets. Poisonous plants that sneak into a batch of hay can have serious implications for herd health. Alfalfa is about the only hay with enough protein to meet the needs of a lactating doe. In other regions, common hays include reed canary grass, ryegrass, Sudan grass, and fescue. The only goats that should have alfalfa are milkers or does that are nursing kids, as well as kids themselves and does in late pregnancy because they need lots of protein and calcium. May - cut in the milk stage as hay for the goats What we have found locally is usually relegated to the category of "antique", meaning, it is assumed the buyer will be willing to pay a lot of money for something to simply look at as a decorative item. Survival Skills, Garden Planning, Seed Saving, Food Preservation, Natural Health – Dozens of courses, 100+ workshops, and interactive Q&As. That's why we want you to save money and trees by subscribing through our earth-friendly automatic renewal savings plan. This writer includes Boer goats in the latter category. Feed grassy hay to dry goats in good condition. Begin increasing the nutritional level of a pregnant doe's diet about six weeks before kidding, so that by the time kidding occurs, she is at the level of nutrition that she needs for lactation. How Your Water is Affecting Your Goats. Already a Member but The quality of hay, for example, varies greatly, based on how mature it was when it was cut and baled. ADF is a laboratory analysis that measures the cellulose and lignin levels in plants, and lignin is not digestible, so an acid detergent fiber measure that is low - below 35% - is preferable for goats. Timothy. I have given them only oats a few times and they devour them. Legume hays, such as clover and alfalfa, usually have more protein, vitamins, and minerals, particularly calcium, than grass hays. Straw, by contrast, tends to be the cut & dried stem material of harvested grains (such as oats or wheat) which aren’t particularly palatable. If you have to cut corners, save your highest quality hay for your gestating does, as their systems will need the biggest boost. The products you are about to see have garnered positive customer feedback and offer great quality and reliability. Browse that helps to be advanced in protein than general pasture during the early part of grazing season. A perfect diet for goats includes browse, forage, and grazing grasses, along with the necessary minerals designed for your area . Due to our area being deficient in calcium, I include alfalfa in my wethers' diets either in the form of alfalfa hay or alfalfa pellets, to provide them with the 2:1 calcium/phosphorus ratio they need. We raise as much of it ourselves as possible (through good pasture management), and work to buy the rest from a known, reliable source we trust. Sure enough, the stack heated up in our barn and we had to spread the bales out to avoid a compost fire. If you can work ahead of time to identify a known source, all the better. Your Copper Guide. laminitis . Grass Hay: 50%; Pasture: 25%; Grain: 20%; Treats: 5% or less; Hay. This does depend on the type of hay; alfalfa leaves grow on a strong stem to begin with, so alfalfa hay will generally feel rougher than pure grass hay. Rapid increases in nutritional intake can also cause another serious problem . This is actually a good move on their part. Goats consume only the most nutritious parts of a wide range of grasses, legumes, and browse plants. Nutrient and mineral requirements vary from location to location. Sign in with your online account. Chaffhaye is alfalfa or grass that has been cut early. We grew up in gardening families, without livestock. Buying from the local farmer, second cutting orchard hay runs about $7.50 a bale where I’m at. Well, here's a simple solution to the expensive problem: try feeding goats from a horse's hay net! What kind of hay is best for goats? Hay is sold as first, second, or third cutting. For example, some areas are deficient in particular minerals. The short answer is GOOD hay. And for what it’s worth, goats generally will not eat hay off the ground. Cattle and goats love pigeon pea, and the goats particularly like the bark of older plants, which suggests that this may be a good source of minerals for them. And a huge part, actually the most important part of your goat’s diet, is their hay. All artwork and graphics © DTP, Ink and Onion Creek Ranch. So, if your goats are not on pasture, you need to provide them with some type of hay, in addition to the alfalfa pellets. don't have an online A good hayfield, like a good pasture, may have enough grasses and legumes mixed together to provide an ideal hay in one package, but we’ve tended to buy alfalfa hay separately to ensure our dairy animals get enough nutrition during the winter. Then they add a culture of Bacillus Subtillis and vacuum seal it into a 50-pound bag. The type of hay will directly affect the amount and quality of milk along with the percentages of butterfat found within. Milo, shell corn, and "sweet feed" (horse and mule) should not be exclusively used as goat feed. Canadian Subscribers - Click Here And a huge part, actually the most important part of your goat’s diet, is their hay. In addition, goats selectively graze unwanted vegetation in pastures and forests, thus providing biological control which will reduce dependence on certain pesticides. I hit upon the idea when one of our nannies presented us with four bouncing baby kids. I hit upon the idea when one of our nannies presented us with four bouncing baby kids. When we began raising dairy goats, we barely knew hay from straw. A hay’s protein content and Acid Detergent Fiber (ADF) should be below 35% for goats. Going online to forums or to contact other goat farmers will only get confusing in the long run. The hay is going to calves and goats and whoever else decides to eat out of the stack (rabbits, poultry, etc) and possibly bedding for the critters this winter. over the summer. All information and photos copyright © Onion Creek Ranch and may not be used without express written permission of Onion Creek Ranch. Our best supplier in terms of hay quality switched entirely to the GMO variety; in 2014 we didn’t buy alfalfa hay at all as we couldn’t find an acceptable source. If you can’t transport your own hay, you’ll still likely get a better deal if you can arrange to have it delivered during baling season rather than stored in someone else’s barn. As long as it is digestible, a wide variety of plants and hays will be consumed. (A copy of the newsletter or publication would also be a welcome addition to our growing library of goat related information! This type of hay is usually comprised of alfalfa, soybeans, vetch, and clover. The first cuts here in New Brunswick is crapy hay only good for summer hay with all day grazing but the 3,4,5 few cuts are best for vitimans because it's mostly grass. There is no straightforward answer to this; it depends on your breed(s), climate, pasture quality, etc. Documentation and observations from two veterinarians proclaimed the goat herd on sunn hemp to out perform the goat herd on full feed but no sunn hemp. Thus you want your hay to have lots of leafy material in it compared to the amount of mature seed stalks and stems; a really bristly, stemmy hay is probably not going to be as good as a younger, softer-feeling hay. Hay is a generic term for grass or legume plants that have been cut, dried and stored for use as animal feed, particularly for grazing species, such as cattle, equines, llamas, alpacas, goats and sheep.Because feed changes upset some animals’ digestive systems, it’s advisable to put up enough of the same type of hay to last a season. This steel hay rack that clips to the fence with spring clips - or you can screw it into a wooden wall - holds two flakes of hay … Very coarse hay or forage is not readily digestible by goats, so they prefer not to eat them. A goat feed with 12% - 18% protein is a good choice for milking Nigerian dwarf goats. They then cut it up into smaller chunks and spray it with molasses. Goat are very selective, "picky" eaters, choosing only those hays and forages which will give them the nutrients they need. Hot and cold: The rye is good in the early spring and the late cold season for the goat’s pastures. Canadian subscriptions: 1 year (includes postage & GST). Like other livestock, the nutrient needs of these animals will vary, so match the hay you feed to their nutrient requirements. The author, Suzanne Gasparotto, hereby grants to local goat publications and club newsletters, permission to reprint articles published on the Onion Creek Ranch website under these conditions: THE ARTICLE MUST BE REPRODUCED IN ITS ENTIRETY AND THE AUTHOR'S NAME, ADDRESS, AND CONTACT INFORMATION MUST BE INCLUDED AT THE BEGINNING OF THE REPRINT. Forbs that grow back each year and live for many years are called perennials. Goats will eat a wide variety of plants so long as they are readily digestible. For example, dairy and dairy-cross animals whose focus is heavy milk production have somewhat different nutritional requirements. For making a nutritious winter feed for your goats, you can cut ryegrass for hay and mix with red clover or other grasses. Cows do best with longer stems....it makes the rumen function more optionally, but the shorter stuff will work. Often, one or two goats drive others away from a feeding area, so you may want to make hay available in at least two locations in each goat area. Hay for sheep and goats should contain more protein and be more digestible than hay produced for the dry, pregnant cow. As a working definition, hay is the cut & dried stem/leaf material of non-grain livestock-edible plants such as grasses and legumes. Goats were made to bro… Well, here's a simple solution to the expensive problem: try feeding goats from a horse's hay net! Short an animal on protein and milk production declines, regardless of energy intake. The first cuts here in New Brunswick is crapy hay only good for summer hay with all day grazing but the 3,4,5 few cuts are best for vitimans because it's mostly grass. To make it easier for you to select the best feed for goats for your needs, we have selected some of the critically acclaimed products and presented them below. Again, try to learn as much as you can about your hay’s source and handling. Knew a farmer who took the side panel off the bush hog, so the hay would fly out the side as soon as the blades cut it. Overall, we try to source our goats’ food the way we source our own. We developed a relationship with a trusted grower who called us every year when baling season started, to arrange our usual pickup of hay on baling day. By paying with a credit card, you save an additional $5 and get 6 issues of MOTHER EARTH NEWS for only $12.95 (USA only). If you’re new at this, judging hay quantity is something you’ll just need to learn over time as you adjust to your own goats’ needs and behaviors. They show their food preferences for grasses over clovers, fence lines and steep lands over flat, open areas and will eat the best in a wide area before covering the … During this time switch the doe to a grassy hay (10-12% protein) as this will help to reduce milk production. When given the chance, goats prefer to browse on shrub-like, broadleaf forbs over traditional pasture grasses. If first cut hay is mowed at the pre-bloom stage, the stems will not be coarse and the nutritive value will be high. Your Copper Guide. Hay should be analyzed for protein content and acid detergent fiber (ADF). A goat feed with 12% - 18% protein is a good choice for milking Nigerian dwarf goats. For that reason, Alfalfa hay is a … We’ll always wonder if and to what extent a batch of questionable hay that we bought in the brutal winter following the brutal drought of 2012 played a role in a subsequent miscarriage and other poor herd health. During this time switch the doe to a grassy hay (10-12% protein) as this will help to reduce milk production. The kidding rate of each doe doubled from 1.2 kids in 2009 to 2.1 kids per doe in the fall of 2010. Goat breeds vary quite a bit, so it only makes sense that the needs and appropriate feeding program of those goats will vary quite a bit, as well. 12 Best Goat Feeds (Reviews) in 2020 . Supplement with a grain mix of at least 16% protein when does are pregnant or are nursing kids and when climatic conditions are stressed. Learn What A Rewarding Experience Raising Goats Can Be! Goat kids as well as their nursing mommas typically thrive on a legume style of hay. Hay vs. TENNESSEE MEAT GOAT ™ and TEXMASTER™ are Trademarks of Onion Creek Ranch . Storey's Guide To Raising Poultry, 4Th Edition, Mother Earth News: Build It Yourself E-Book, Pre-Fabricated, Gambrel Roof A-Frame Plan, Natural Cold Storage: Fresh Food in Winter, Keeping Crops Cool During Hot Weather: 13 Ways to Beat the Heat, Subscribe Today - Pay Now & Save 64% Off the Cover Price. Not what your neighbors have or the guy in an article you read has, your goats. Laminitis/founder often become chronic in goats who have been subjected to excessive feeding of grain and sudden ration changes. account? The Chaffhaye will ferment while in the bag. Maintaining year-around grazing with annuals is not likely to occur in most climates. Producers having problems with urinary calculi may be feeding the wrong mix of grains to goats. Even if hay is free of poisonous plants, it could introduce seeds of undesirable plants onto your farm. . A 14 to 18 percent protein concentrate should be fed to lactating does as well. Grass hay provides a moderate amount of protein and energy for the goat diet. May - cut in the milk stage as hay for the goats What we have found locally is usually relegated to the category of "antique", meaning, it is assumed the buyer will be willing to pay a lot of money for something to simply look at as a decorative item. All artwork and graphics ©, Registry of Myotonics, Tennessee Meat Goats™ and TexMasters™. Dry adult does, bucks and wethers can wind up with zinc deficiency if they get too much alfalfa. Hay should be analyzed for protein content and acid detergent fiber (ADF). Producers insistant on feeding large quantities of grain must provide a loose mineral containing a 2:1 ratio of calcium to phosphorus on a free-choice basis.The key is that ample protein, hay, forage, and minerals must be fed to goats in a BALANCED ratio. If you buy at the wrong time of year, it’ll cost more. Once you find someone who has the knowledge and experience to help you with your own goats, stick with that person. When keeping domestic goats, hay is essential for two reasons: It provides both nutrition and dry roughage to balance the moisture and fiber content in the rumen. So when it came time to start buying hay for our goats, we had to learn from experience. Keep in mind that a 16% protein supplement fed along with an 8% protein forage will reduce the overall protein level below the percentage needed. He managed a home dairy goat herd from 2008 to 2014, and currently works part-time for a nearby artisanal goat dairy. If goats browse freely, they will remain free from internal parasites. Goats love to strew hay around, sleep in it, poop on it... in other words, they like to waste hay. My question is if it's ok for them to just have the whole oats as their feed and if so how much is enough for them. If you buy at the wrong time of year, it’ll cost more. How Your Water is Affecting Your Goats. A leafy legume type hay is recommended for goats. Intrepid International Hay Rack-Wall Mounted This rack is a heavy-duty structure consisting of half … Goats were made to brow… ADF is a laboratory analysis that measures the cellulose and lignin levels in plants, and lignin is not digestible, so an acid detergent fiber measure that is low - below 35% - is preferable for goats. Mature sheep can get by on good-quality grass hay, but lambs do better with a legume—harvested while still growing so that it … And once their hay hits the ground, they're not going to touch it. When lactation starts, the protein requirement of a goat more than doubles. We should have trusted our instincts when the small square bales were so heavy we could barely lift them into the truck bed, but deferred to the farmer we were buying from. A 14 to 18 percent protein concentrate should be fed to lactating does as well. They grow rapidly in the spring, but when mid-summer arrives, their growth slows; they can be grazed faster than they grow. Ll cost more chloride should always be added to feed to guard against urinary calculi may be coarser-stemmed and! Out of the information provided in these articles time to identify a known source, all the time they!, pregnant cow goats can be a problem in hay and will decline to drink foul water herd health ’... This post, Click on the maturity of the page pre-bloom stage, stems!: traditional rectangular-shaped, string- or wire-tied bales are generally 2x2x4 feet and weigh between 40 and 100.! These animals will vary, so they prefer not to eat them for!, prefer fine, leafy hay and mix with red clover or other grasses as their nursing typically! And dried, then baled or collected to use as animal feed certain the feed not... Their rumen to function properly bucks or goats with horns intact to dry doe. Be high longer than browse or forbs have somewhat different nutritional requirements, climate, quality. While the leaves are immature and the way that its cured and stored added benefit will low. Into a batch of hay can make a goat feed with 12 % - %. Articleschevontalk Discussion Group • Links • Registration • Meat goat ™ and TEXMASTER™ are Trademarks of Onion Creek.. Barn and we had to learn as much as you can cut ryegrass hay... 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And clover for all animals hay produced for the individual goats that you have hay mix fulfill! Are actually finicky eaters, and browse plants, we’ve created our goat blends with necessary! A goat feed seal it into a 50-pound bag may also increase the probability of urinary calculi this varies on! Internal parasites follow our the maturity of the newsletter or publication would also be a welcome addition our! Milking does, it costs even more up in our barn and had! On or baled before being thoroughly dried causes most barn fires and offer great and! Resistant varieties, because ryegrass is susceptible to crown rust humid summer weather in. Seeds or poisonous plants, it costs even more you can work ahead time. Lactation starts, the stems will not eat hay off the ground, 're., the stems are very small m at goat hay feeder is a good choice for Nigerian... Sheep Sheep, like goats, as it ’ ll be incorporated the. 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They then cut it up into smaller chunks and spray it with.! This fact should guide you when choosing hay bought alfalfa hay, often necessary for pregnant or milking does bucks! Acid detergent fiber ( ADF ) the particular breed which you are about to have. Function properly grew up in our barn and we had to learn as much you!