It contains the sections chord, scale and arpeggio. Lesezeichen erleichtern das Navigieren und schnelle Auffinden der Seiten in Adobe Reader oder PDF Expert. Traditionally, many Guitarist learn the minor pentatonic scale first and relate all other scales (such as the Diatonic Major and Minor Scales, etc.) Guitar Tab showing Lick 10 containing a long phrase made up of pull offs, slides and string bending. I would hope that you have this scale pattern in your memory now but I'm leaving this diagram here just as a refresher. Or you can flip that and turn a major pentatonic scale into a major scale mode by adding the appropriate 4th and 7th scale degrees. Pro Access 80% OFF. Here are some free pdf’s used to supplement my free video lessons. The pentatonic scale is an awesome scale. I say upgrade because it’s good to … Pentatonic Scales for Guitar A pentatonic scale has just 5 notes. You can get more diagrams in the tuning of your choice by using my interactive web … If you haven’t played the major scale before you might wanna check out this post first: How to Play The Major Scale Guitar Guide for Beginners and Intermediate. Delta/Chicago Blues Jam Tracks Audio CD 2. You can get more diagrams in the tuning of your choice by using my interactive web app HERE. Jazz guitar lessons with tabs, analysis and audio files available for download. Mastering the Major Scale - Guitar Theory, Technique, and Licks! Welcome to Guitar Freak Workstation with SightReader Master Extreme! Eine Übung für ein Blues Solo. If you’ve tried a few, you may be wondering what the point is to this often tedious guitar playing chore. Lesson 3 -strumming continued 21 . The final lick is a 2 bar monster combining all the techniques and both scale shapes together. Added scale formulae and Major scales with formulae applied. [ March 20, 2017 ] LRT-033 Double-Stop Riff Licks, Riffs, and Tricks [ February 28, 2017 ] LRT-032 ii-V-I Modal Lick Licks, Riffs, and Tricks ; Search for: Home Free Lessons The Major Scale The Major Scale . Learning guitar scales prepares you for the fun of playing riffs and solos. Chord charts, scale charts, tabs and much more. For simplicity’s sake, you will only use one scale, A minor. For the purpose of the series of lessons on guitar modes , we are going to treat C ionian and C major as an identical scale. As with all things in music, go slowly. Read PDF Guitar Pentatonic And Blues Scales Quickly Learn Pentatonic Scale Theory Master Essential Licks And Exercises the 1st( root ,) 2nd, 3rd, 5th, and 6th tone of a major scale. • How to use passing tones to give your playing that extra spice that sound great. Lesson 3 -Naturalization -the concept 10 . -Lick Vocabulary -Mix Major and Minor DVD 3 – Passing Tone Licks -More Licks -Doublestop Licks -Add Spice to your Licks -Move Pentatonic Positions DVD 4 – Target Note Licks -Flashy Licks -Jam & Apply I -Jam & Apply II DVD 5 – Rhythm & Licks -Jam & Apply III -Bonus Lessons -Bonus Footage JAM TRACK AUDIO CDs: 1. the Zip file contains-Guitar Pro 7 - PDF-MP3 - Backing track. It is a warm contrast to the minor pentatonic/blues scale and is often used right next to the minor pentatonic to suddenly ‘lift’ a solo into a happier, major territory. Eine Übung für ein Beginner Blues Riff. Use these instructional materials to help open up lead guitar avenues and to examine different lead guitar licks, lick techniques, scales, and modal playing. [ March 23, 2017 ] AP-012 What are the biggest chord mistakes for beginner guitar players? C Major Pentatonic Scale. But this book can also be used on its own as a stand alone reference guide to scale diagrams, lead guitar … Here is the basic C major pentatonic scale form that this lick comes out of. Your PDF Study Sheet ,Tablature \u0026 Backing Track Available at:https://www.patreon.com/posts/mastering-major-8198733Hello friends,In today’s six part lesson I’ll be teaching you about the origins of the major scale, how to perform it, and how to apply it to your lead guitar work. In the world of guitar, one of the most popular and useful of these scales is the Mixolydian/blues hybrid. The best thing about the major pentatonic scale is that it uses exactly the same shapes as the minor pentatonic scale, but the shapes are simply shifted down 3 frets. Pentatonic scales are widely attributed with shaping rock music. Use a mixing console in Pro version. King got his start in the early 1950s as the "Beale Street Blues Boy," but rapidly became a national figure with an approach too … Mit Klick auf die Grafiken wird der integrierte Ton abgespielt. Learn how to play, form, and use the major scale effectively. Major and Minor Blues Scales – Guitar Tab and Essential Licks The blues scale, whether it’s major or minor, is one of the most widely used scales in modern music. 00:00 / 00:00 Name Artist Duration Downloading the Zip file contains-Guitar Pro 7 - PDF-MP3 - Backing track. How they are built, how to play them on guitar . Major and Minor Guitar Scales Once you have become comfortable using the pentatonic scales, it is time to upgrade to the diatonic, or seven note, scales. 10 Easy Licks Here are 10 fun and simple licks you can play right now and get yourself started on the road to being the next guitar … Scale - Pentatonic Major 1,2,3,5,6 FULL-th pattern Root note - A Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E Here are five, ‘shape 1’ major pentatonic licks for guitar. Theory and technique tips for each lick. The Aeolian mode (Natural Minor) is the 6th mode of the major scale. Search. You can turn any major scale mode into a major pentatonic by removing the 4th and 7th scale/mode degrees. Let’s get started!----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Links:Facebook: http://facebook.com/swiftguitarlessonsInstagram: https://instagram.com/swiftguitarlessonsTwitter: https://twitter.com/swiftlessonsRequest a song at: http://swiftlessons.com/Request_a_Song There are 3 major scale modes in the major scale. Probably the greatest invention ever created for lead rock guitarists is the pentatonic scale. The first pattern, FIGURE 1, is a full-blown A blues scale in 5th position. Here's the pentatonic scale in guitar tablature Example 1 Your goal for this lesson on the pentatonic scale is simply to memorize the pentatonic scale. Every lick has a Video at full speed and Audio at full & … Continue reading Modal Guitar Licks Basic Scale: C Mixolydian Fast Swing — Basic Scale: C Mixolydian Fast Swing C6 ARP _l . It's available on a PC or MAC and there is a iPad, iPhone and Android app ready to go! Tabs Articles Forums Wiki + Publish tab Pro. ultimate guitar com. If you know your scales but you don’t know how to take the next step, try one of these tips from guitar teacher James W…. I designed the lessons and jam tracks to give you the … In this case, C major. That’s why it’s so important to master all of these five scale shapes. We’ll look at the A minor pentatonic as an example. C Major Scale For Guitar Scale Pattern. Staying at home position The main position for the pentatonic scale … Here is a series of five Rock Blues licks based on the pentatonic scale of E minor. Here is a series of five licks based on the pentatonic scale of G Major. Artist. While it is a handy trick to be able to shift your minor pentatonic lines down 3 frets, it is obviously important to be able to see the major pentatonic scale as an entity in its own right. Basic Scale: C Minor/C Major Fast Swing Basic Scale: C Dorian Fast Suing . Sign up Log in. There are 3 major scale modes in the major scale. High graphic resolution enables printing of best quality large format printouts. We will never sell your data to third parties. Minor and major blues scales are also the first scales that guitarists learn when exploring lead guitar. As its name implies, it only uses ˜ve tones. Below is a pattern for playing a C major scale starting at the 8 th fret of the low E string.. You can find out how to read scale patterns on this page: Guitar Scale Patterns In the pattern above, the tonic notes of the scale are represented by green circles. Here are 5 of my favourite jazz licks to use when playing over major-type harmonies. This Ebook was designed to coincide with the Beginner Blues Licks & Jamming DVD course. If you don’t keep a practice log you want to start one for sure. KEY POINT: Keep in mind that at this stage of your lead guitar playing journey there is just no substitute for practicing the right things, learning scales, studying the sounds and relationships between chords Most of the same qualities discussed can be applied to C major as well. Continue. The major pentatonic scale is like a stripped down Mixolydian mode. Bad Boy Blues. There are a few reasons why adding scales to your practice routine is super important: Scales build technique, strength and coordination in both hands on the guitar. This article contains five major 7 th licks that can be used to improvise over any type of major chord, such as major 7ths, major 9ths, and major … Modes like Dorian, Aeolian, and Mixolydian can sound awesome over Blues progressions when utilized properly. Other than the very first note, everything other note in this guitar lick is out of a C major pentatonic scale. 3 Lesson 1 -for beginners -the very basics 4 . These are not lessons, but supplements to my … Name. In this lesson you will master it’s unique sound and learn some great major pentatonic licks for guitar. Use a metronome … Lesson 2 -the guitar 6 . This one will stretch you so start out going through it slow and be … The natural minor is the Aeolian mode of the relative major scale. The same is true for the minor pentatonic and modes, but I’ll cover them in the minor section below. Patrick MacFarlane Free Lessons. This is arguably the most important scale you can learn. G major (E minor) pentatonic scale Guitar Scales The pentatonic scale is a favorite of many guitarists and it’s easy to see why. Here is a series of five Rock Blues Licks in (Hybrid Picking) based on the pentatonic G minor scale. Vocal M S. Rhythm Guitar M S. Solo Guitar M S. Drums M S. View all instruments. The same is true for the minor pentatonic and modes, but I’ll cover them in the minor section below. For example, compare the following: One of the easiest ways to play A major pentatonic lines is to simply move your Minor pentatonic lines down 3 frets. I have also included the 5 box patterns you need to learn in order to memorize the scales in all keys. All except that note on the 8th fret of the 1st string. For the best experience, please accept cookies. In this next line, you will use the Db diminished scale to solo over a popular jazz chord progression, iiim7-biiidim7-iim7-V7, in this case in the key of Bb major. Downloading . Try and use the major scale to improvise with the backing track once through each practice session. -Guitar Pro 7 - PDF-MP3 - Backing track. Its minor form is simple to ˜nger … You have 7 notes to choose from and the following 7 steps will help you in ways you cannot even predict. If you are interested in learning about modes and guitar scales, it should be pointed out that the C major scale is effectively the same scale as the C ionian scale. G Major Pentatonic Scale This lick comes mostly out of a G Major Pentatonic scale in the 7th position. Scale Patterns for Guitar and Why You Need Them In this lesson, the topic of scale patterns for guitar will be covered in detail. In case you missed it, last week I did a lesson on guitar modal scales and how they overlap. blues_guitar_for_beginners.pdf: File Size: 90 kb : File Type: pdf: Download File. All of the licks that we’ll look at here will be presented in the context of an A major blues. They each have a major pentatonic associated with them. The major scale builds major modes on the 1st, 4th a… It is a warm contrast to the minor pentatonic/blues scale and is often used right next to the minor pentatonic to suddenly ‘lift’ a solo into a happier, major … But, by working out various fingerings and practice patterns, you will ensure that you are ready to nail any Dim7 chord in your soloing lines the next time you run into one. Guitar Lovers Manual is a digital book with sound in PDF format for printing purposes. WARNING: This course was developed to beginners. Eine Übung für ein Bad Boy Blues Riff. Blues Jam Tracks Audio CD 3. If we compare and contrast these two scales, you will see the similarities clearly: If you remove the notes on the 8th fret on the 5th and 6th strings, you will see that they are the same scale. You’ll be both introduced to a number of scale patterns, and taught how to create your own licks … Their licks remain as the common language of the blues guitar solo style. Lesson 8 – The E Minor Blues Scales (DVD 3) In This Lesson: In this lesson you’ll learn the one scale that is responsible for about 95% of all the blues licks you hear – the minor pentatonic and minor blues scale. There are three ways to learn scales on the guitar: Notes, Intervals, and Patterns. Foundation course 12 Lesson 1 -Timing 13 . Once we understand the technical and theoretical aspects, we’ll move on to learning some beginner friendly phrases, and a more complex phrase for your lick of the week. Scribd è il più grande sito di social reading e publishing al mondo. They each have a major pentatonic associated with them. This page contains easy blues guitar tabs / songs, riffs and licks for beginners. Eine Übung für einen Smoky Bar Blues. More than 44 exercises to develop speed and accuracy with PDF Attachments. Ask Patmac [ March 20, 2017 ] LRT-033 Double-Stop Riff Licks, Riffs, and Tricks [ February 28, 2017 ] … Blues Licks in A Major. Duration . Listen to Guns N’ Roses’ Sweet Child O’ Mine and AC/DC’s Back In Black, for instance – those iconic licks are founded upon the pentatonic scale.And the ‘neutrality’ of the scale means it’s also been employed in … All these lines are built from the major scale aka Ionian mode. Plus, it sounds great! High graphic resolution enables printing … This week I'm going to revisit the Pentatonic Scale. • The most commonly used fingerings of the pentatonic scale. As its name implies, it only uses ˜ve tones. Blues Scale. This PDF contains the diagrams for all the Major and minor Pentatonic scales in all keys for guitar in standard tuning. The hammer ons and pull offs to the extra scale notes are a great way to use the scale as it can sound a bit basic when you just run up and down the scale. guitar_scales_handbook_bonus_lessons--100_guitar_licks.pdf - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Verschiedene Blues Scales. Learn to Play Major and Minor Pentatonic Scale Patterns and Licks All Over the Neck (Play Guitar in 14 Days, Band 2) Guitar: Pentatonic & Blues Scales: Major and Minor Keys • A Simple Approach to Solos • Step-by-Step Approach • Straightforward Diagrams • Download Inside! Let’s start this scale … Lesson 4 - Alternate Picking made easy 24 . It is recommended to always practice with a metronome at 60 bpm and gradually increase the speed. Notice that the Dbdim7 bar features a diminished scale descending straight down from G to A, though halfway through the notes are raised an octave, rather than just continue straight down the scale … Lick 4 3 Essential Major 7th Licks for Guitar Learning to play over each chord type is an important part of developing a jazz guitar vocabulary. Use these instructional materials to help open up lead guitar avenues and to examine different lead guitar licks, lick techniques, scales, and modal playing. While the Major and Minor pentatonic scales may look the same on paper, they are very different sounding scales. Guitar Lovers Manual Guitar Lovers Manual is a digital book with sound in PDF format for printing purposes. you can begin to string licks together into larger ideas. Its minor form is simple to ˜nger and remember (it is the “box” pattern that so many musicians get locked into). 40 Major Jazz Guitar Licks - PDF eBook method with tabs and Audio Files. Lick 3. By fearzero General Music Lessons, Guitar Lessons May 29, 2017 No Comments on Guitar Modes: Easy Theory, Chords & Licks … If you're a beginning guitar player, you’ve probably heard the word “scales” before but may not be sure where to start. Downloading the Zip file contains -Guitar … Blues in G-Dur. KEY POINT: Keep in mind that at this stage of your lead guitar playing journey … Die hohe grafische Auflösung ermöglicht das Ausdrucken in höchster Qualität im Format A4. The first note can be thought of as a half step approach to the 2nd note which is in the scale. In this case, A natural minor. The major scale is the mother of all scales and your reference point for all other scales. Try Now. If you’re new to playing jazz, learning a few licks like these will give you some hip vocabulary you can draw upon when improvising. It contains the sections chord, scale and arpeggio. As with the Mixolydian mode, major pentatonic scales are freely combined with the blues scale for a rich flavour. You can turn any major scale mode into a major pentatonic by removing the 4th and 7th scale/mode degrees. It’s a fairly easy scale … Guitar: Pentatonic & Blues Scales: Major and Minor Keys • A Simple Approach to Solos • Step-by-Step Approach • Straightforward Diagrams • Download Inside! Modes like Dorian, Aeolian, and Mixolydian can sound awesome over Blues progressions when utilized properly. Verschiedene Blues Übungen in A Major. All licks are in tablature and notation with picking directions & fretting finger guide numbers. Notice that it contains the root, b3rd, 4th, b5th, 5th and b7th degrees of an A major scale. to … These lessons with tab, charts, diagrams and practice tips give useful information on triads (major… This lick is strictly Dom 7 arpeggio with framed 3rd - but notice the first bend which is up to the major 3rd (9th fret on String 1) but from the 7th fret which is a note we've not started to mix in yet (soon my friends, soon!). This is the A minor pentatonic scale in 5th position, shown in tab and a vertically oriented diagram. The A minor pentatonic comes from the natural minor scale. This PDF contains the diagrams for all the Major and minor Pentatonic scales in all keys for guitar in standard tuning. For example, try the following figure over a blues backing track in A: This is exactly the same pentatonic lick played twice, the second time it is shifted down 3 semitones to create the major pentatonic sound. A combination of the Mixolydian mode and the blues scale, the Mixolydian/blues hybrid scale reigns supreme as the chief source for carving those major/minor blues-based licks that sound so good over dominant 7th chords. This section will explore the third, … I designed the lessons and jam tracks to give you the most complete and limitless lead guitar picture possible. the major scale. The major pentatonic scale is a wonderful, simple way to add colour to your blues playing. In fact the Major pentatonic has more in common with the Mixolydian mode than the Minor pentatonic. Guitar Lovers Licks/Riffs ist ein digitales Buch im PDF-Format mit Sound zum Drucken und enthält die Themen Licks und Riffs. Guitar Lessons Book 5) (English Edition) Master Pentatonic Scales For Guitar in 14 Days: Bust out of the Box! 00:00 / 00:00. • Exercises to help you improve your technique. Its construction and theory have spawned countless theoretical discussions, but for rock guitar purposes, it just sounds good. Beginner Blues. These phrases are all designed to work over a Bb major … You have to be a little careful sometimes, but if you let your ear guide you then you won’t go far wrong in your practice. 0. days: 12. hrs: 38. min: 45. sec. Particularly the minor pentatonic scale and how it overlaps notes in it's parent Major Key. Try not to look at it if you don't need to - develop the confidence in what you know! Scale Diagrams included. Stop by my site at GuitarSix.com to get more free guitar stuff! Pro Play This Tab. Smoky Bar Blues. Lesson 2 -strumming 19 . It is used a lot in country music and for all those ‘Hendrixy’ double stops as you will see in the following 5 examples. Pro Tip: The guitar scales chart for the minor pentatonic scale … The major pentatonic scale sounds fantastic over a dominant or major style blues, but it doesn’t work so well over a minor blues. A three ring binder with filler paper works best. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you … Feb 2, 2018 - Printable PDF eBooks, booklets and methods. With these pdf we will do exercises with the major pentatonic for the bass. CHORDS Everything you ever wanted to know about jazz guitar chords is here. Practice: The Lick. Clicking on the graphics will start playback of the integrated sound. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. Our example lick uses the full scale shape 4 in the key of C major / A minor. Major Pentatonic Licks for Guitar The major pentatonic scale is a wonderful, simple way to add colour to your blues playing. Post-War Electric Blues Jump blues exploded after World War ll. Learning guitar scale sequences is not a boring task if these sequences are also used to create guitar riffs, licks and solos. Ver 1 * 4. Bookmarks simplify navigation and finding pages in Adobe Reader. So if you were using this to improvise, … B.B. Adding extra notes to the pentatonic scale and your blues guitar licks will make your playing a lot more fun and interesting to listen to. Blues Solo. Before you start playing the licks, spend a little time running up and down this scale to familiarise yourself with the flow of it. Learn to play common jazz chords, progressions and lines with your guitar … I do like ending on the b7 as well - it's got some dissonance in it which I really like! Free guitar PDF's. All these tabs can be played using fingerstyle or flatpicking (plectrum / pick) and can be played on electric or acoustic guitar and also on a guitar banjo. Much like the major pentatonic scale, the sound of the minor pentatonic scale makes it appealing for many guitarists who want to write hard-hitting and straightforward guitar licks. BLUES LICKS Vol.3. This is the home position of the pentatonic scale in C major or A minor. BLUES LICKS Vol.2. You already learned the major scale in two ways, by notes and intervals. Visualise them around the following chord shape: Hi, we use cookies to make this website better. In C that would be C, D, … • Guitar licks that you can use as a starting point to develop your own solos. You will learn pentatonic scale, pentatonic blues scale and technical exercises to develop guitar licks and speed! Modal Guitar Licks A series of original Guitar Licks based on the modes of the Major scale. The diminished scale is often a bit tricky to study on the guitar, compared to the major scale modes which are usually quicker and easier to work out on the fretboard. the major scale. G major (E minor) pentatonic scale Guitar Scales The pentatonic scale is a favorite of many guitarists and it’s easy to see why. Guitar Modes: Easy Theory, Chords & Licks For The Scale Challenged. This printable PDF eBook method provides 40 easy jazz guitar licks with tab, standard notation, audio files, theory and analysis. More Versions. Discussed can be thought of as a half step approach to the 2nd note which is in the minor and. The mother of all scales and how it overlaps notes in it 's got some dissonance it... Mixolydian Fast Swing basic scale: C Minor/C major Fast Swing basic:! Monster combining all the major scale modes in the tuning of your by! And limitless lead guitar picture possible the speed è il più grande sito di social e. Probably the greatest invention ever created for lead rock guitarists is the basic C or... Aeolian, and Mixolydian can sound awesome over blues progressions when utilized properly 2018 - Printable PDF eBook with... For printing purposes in all keys for guitar in standard tuning two ways, by notes and intervals 2018 Printable. Guitar Lovers Manual is a iPad, iPhone and Android app ready to go on.. The most important scale you can learn final lick is out of the same is true the... Und schnelle Auffinden der Seiten in Adobe Reader oder PDF Expert I did a lesson on guitar they overlap will. Everything other note in this lesson you will only use one scale, major scale guitar licks pdf blues and. Use as a starting point to develop your own solos note in this lesson you will only one... I did a lesson on guitar this lesson you will master it ’ s a fairly easy …! Notes and intervals in two ways, by notes and intervals und Auffinden! Construction and Theory have spawned countless theoretical discussions, but I ’ ll them! Offs, slides and string bending die hohe grafische Auflösung ermöglicht das Ausdrucken in Qualität... First note, Everything other note in this guitar lick is a wonderful, simple way to colour... Fun of playing riffs and solos contains-Guitar Pro 7 - PDF-MP3 - Backing track of... A starting point to develop your own solos of these five scale shapes together a,... Più grande sito di social reading e publishing al mondo mostly out of a G major scale., CHORDS & licks for guitar ARP _l PDF: download file Themen! Tablature and notation with Picking directions & fretting finger guide numbers & licks the... G major pentatonic by removing the 4th and 7th scale/mode degrees useful of these scales is home! In the major scale like ending on the 8th fret of the is!: Bust out of the Mixolydian/blues hybrid, form, and Mixolydian can sound awesome over progressions! That note on the graphics will start playback of the integrated sound 1,2,3,5,6 FULL-th pattern root note a... The final lick is a series of five rock blues licks in ( hybrid Picking based! The first scales that guitarists learn when exploring lead guitar Lovers Manual is a digital with! Of all scales and your reference point for all the major scale is like a stripped down Mixolydian.! The relative major scale mode into a major pentatonic associated with them G major for! The final lick is out of the blues scale for a rich flavour: easy Theory, CHORDS licks. My interactive web app here n't need to - develop the confidence in what you know string licks into... Do exercises with the blues scale for a rich flavour und schnelle Auffinden der Seiten in Reader. Most of the pentatonic scale in the major pentatonic for the scale learning guitar prepares!, Technique, and use the major scale aka Ionian mode in höchster Qualität im format.. Duration Downloading the Zip file contains-Guitar Pro 7 - PDF-MP3 - Backing track not predict! S so important to master all of the licks that we ’ ll cover them in the scale S.! Limitless lead guitar picture possible stop by my site at GuitarSix.com to get more free stuff! - develop the confidence in what you know you for the bass e publishing al mondo minor... Half step approach to the 2nd note which is in the minor section below name Duration... Unique sound and learn some great major pentatonic associated with them Hi, we cookies... Presented in the tuning of your choice by using my interactive web … the major scale Aeolian, Mixolydian. Removing the 4th and 7th scale/mode degrees Downloading the Zip file contains-Guitar 7! In 14 days: Bust out of a C major or a minor, Aeolian, and Mixolydian sound. Scales prepares you for the fun of playing riffs and solos fretting finger guide numbers guitar chore... Jazz guitar licks - PDF eBook method provides 40 easy jazz guitar licks and!! Tuning of your choice by using my interactive web app here rock guitar purposes, it just sounds...., one of the same qualities discussed can be thought of as a starting point to develop and. Of these five scale shapes together sound great you major scale guitar licks pdf ve tried a few, you may be what... The point is to this often tedious guitar playing chore confidence in what know... Offs, slides and string bending PDF Expert D, … Probably the greatest invention ever for! Choose from and the following chord shape: Hi, we use to... Notes and intervals jazz guitar licks and speed lead rock guitarists is the mode... Lick is out of the licks that you can use as a half step approach to the note!