[9] However, Chronicle editor John Lindley, was unconvinced and repeatedly referred to the new species as Berberis (Mahonia) japonica. Mahonia bealei, also known as Beale's barberry,[1] or Oregon grape,[2] is an evergreen[3] shrub native to mainland China (Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Zhejiang). One of the main attraction is the foliage, wonderful texture year round which is a welcome addition to any garden. Mahonia bealei is an evergreen shrub that can grow from 5-10 ft. (1.5-3 m) tall. A coarse textured flowering shrub, it does best in a somewhat shaded location. In the South, this plant will look sickly yellow when grown in full sun. Fruits hang in grapelike clusters and are glaucous, covered with a white waxy coating[12].The erect stems are stiff and unbranched. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Site in locations protected from exposure to strong winds. It grows up to 10' tall, is upright, and is scarcely branching. It's a medium sized bush that reminds you of holly but with compound leaves borne on upright stems. Mahonia lomariifolia It is resistant to infection by Puccinia graminis. Fortune named the species after Beale in an issue of the Gardeners' Chronicle and was sure it was a distinct species, separate from Mahonia japonica. Beal's Mahonia, Leatherleaf Mahonia, Berberis bealei , Mahonia japonica Bealei Group Grows up to 10-12 ft. tall (3-4 m) and 10 ft. wide (3 m). Grapeberry Leatherleaf Mahonia - 3 Gallon Pot If you're looking to add unique texture and winter color in your shade garden, Leatherleaf Mahonia is a must have plant! Berberis bealei is commonly cultivated; although it rarely escapes, it is locally naturalized in the southeastern United States. CARE Thrives in average, well-drained soils; tolerates sandy sites and clay. This is an informal, multi-stemmed, evergreen shrub with irregular, strong upright stems that have limited branching. Single specimen shrubs may fruit poorly. The berries emerge no later than the beginning of winter, where they are egg-shaped, dark purple and up to 15 mm long.[4][7][8][9][3]. Mahonia bealei (Fortune) Carrière: Common Name: BEALE'S BARBERRY; LEATHERLEAF MAHONIA: Plant Notes: Yu & Chung (2017) recircumscribed Berberis and recognized the genus Mahonia, where this species resides. Unless naturalization is desired, suckers should be promptly removed as they appear. This plant has no children Legal Status. Leatherleaf Mahonia, also known as the Grapeberry Mahonia, is a very attractive and super-hardy shade-loving evergreen flowering shrub with many special attributes. It may not flower if it does not receive at least a few hours of sun each day and does not like hot, midday sun in the southern zones. 1901. This Mahonia is less suited to Western native landscapes because of its unique, exotic character. (46 cm) long, with 9-13 holly-like leaflets. The yellow flowers are eaten or used to make a lemonade like drink. It is an erect, evergreen shrub capable of reaching eight feet in height with randomly splayed spreading branches topped by compound, coarse textured, spiny foliage. Mahonia bealei. [20] Mahonia bealei is not toxic in small amounts, just acidic, these berries could be eaten raw but the seed to pulp ratio is not large enough so most of these berries are boiled and strained. Birds eat the seeds of this plant and spread them widely. [15] The shrub's ability to tolerate many sites, and the fact that birds disperse the berries, has allowed leatherleaf mahonia to naturalize in parts of the United States. Shrub borders. Mahonia bealei (Fortune) Carrière – Beale's barberry Subordinate Taxa. A fantastic landscape plant for semi and very deep shade. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 31(1): 119–120, "Plant Details – Tennessee Invasive Plant Council", "Wild Edible Wednesday 1/9 - Leatherleaf Mahonia", "It is Not Holly | Maryland Invasive Species Council", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mahonia_bealei&oldid=994601896, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 15:52. The plant would make a great specimen or can be grouped to form a distinctive mass in your garden. Best in small groupings in part shade woodland areas. Noxious Weed Information; This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The spiny leaves of Mahonia bealei deter them from being eaten by omnivores such as whitetail deer. (Berberidaceae) bealei Carriere. Slopes. Birds eat the seeds of this plant and spread them widely. Fruit [4] The species has sometimes been regarded as the same species as Mahonia japonica, native to Taiwan, but the two differ consistently in certain floral and leaf characters. Foliage Leaves are pinnately compound, 18 in. Mahonia bealei has been used to treat internal viral infections such as strep throat and tuberculosis. Mahonia bealei is winter hardy to USDA Zones 7-9 where it is easily grown in moist, well-drained soils in part shade (morning sun or sun dappled shade) to full shade. 1855. Mahonia bealei (Leatherleaf Mahonia) is listed in the Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States. Leatherleaf mahonia (Mahonia bealei) won’t resemble any other plants in your garden. [21] Suggested control methods include pulling the seedlings, cutting the mature plants to stumps repeatedly, and using herbicides.[22]. Mahonia bealei grows slow and in shady areas. Grows 1012 feet high and 10 feet wide, with strong pattern of vertical stems, horizontal foliage. Screens. … Leaflets are 2-4 in. It has been planted as a ornamental plant throughout Europe and the United States. Mahonia bealei (Fortune) Pynaert Mahonia bealei (Fortune) Pynaert is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Mahonia (family Berberidaceae). This shrub has evergreen, leathery fern-like foliage. These are followed in fall by inky blue berries. Moderate growing; reaches 6 to 10 ft. tall, 4 to 5 ft. wide. An excellent, comprehensive book on scented plants giving a few other plant uses and brief cultivation details. It is in leaf all year, in flower from January to March, and the seeds ripen from April to May. Mahonia bealei, or Leatherleaf Mahonia, is an evergreen shrub native to China.In nature, the shrubs may reach about 10 feet (3 m) tall and clumps can reach about 5 feet across with great age. Mahonia bealei (also called leatherleaf mahonia or Beale's barberry) is originally from China but has been available to Western gardeners for generations. Flowers are borne in an erect raceme up to 30 cm long. Foundations. It has been introduced into the southeastern U.S. where it has escaped gardens and naturalized from Maryland and Virginia south to Alabama and Florida. Flowers are followed by ornamentally attractive, waxy green fruits which hang in grape-like clusters and mature to blue-black in late spring to early summer. Placement does require some thought with this plant. [19] Fruits are boiled and strained for medicinal preparations. A part shade to full shade lover, this plant is easily grown in fertile, humus-rich, moist, well-drained soils. Mahonia bealei is established or beginning to establish in the southern United States. New flower buds grew rapidly in October. No serious insect or disease problems. It was brought over to Europe from China in the 1800's. Water deeply, regularly in first growing season to develop root system. Both species are widely cultivated in many countries as ornamentals. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The siting shields the plant from direct sun all through the winter, and allows direct sun on the shrub for only a few hours during growing season days. Single specimen shrubs may fruit poorly. Plants typically reach a height of 5 to 6 with a spread slightly narrower. They are small shrubs with sprays of dusty green leaves in curiously horizontal layers. With its holly-like leaves and mismatched flower spires, mahonia is a unique plant that looks like it could come from a Dr. Seuss book. Mahonia bealei A medium-sized to large, winter flowering shrub related to M.japonica. Fruits are attractive to birds. Related Plants. Mahonia bealei is an evergreen shrub that can grow from 5-10 ft. (1.5-3 m) tall. Details M. bealei is an upright evergreen shrub with blue-green leaves divided into broad leaflets. Plants will spread by suckering. It is often treated as a subspecies of Mahonia japonica, despite the fact that Mahonia bealei is found in the wild whilst Mahonia japonica is a cultigen and not a wild plant[ Plants of the Mahonia genus, have long been used as medicine in China, as a treatment for periodontitis, dysentery, tuberculosis and wounds. Status: Not Native It grows up to 10' tall, is upright, and is scarcely branching. [14] Mahonia bealei is particularly common in bottomland forests and grows well in shade to partial shade. Established plants tolerate some soil dryness and drought. Mahonia Bealei from Burncoose Nurseries available online to buy - Information: bluish green leaves spotted yellow and white at the base. Scientific Name: Mahonia Nutt. The leaves look like holly plant leaves and are a bit spiny, like those of their relations, barberry shrubs. Leaves are up to 50 cm long, with 4–10 pairs of leaflets, plus a much larger terminal leaflet. As is the case with many invasive species, Mahonia bealei was introduced intentionally for purpose of landscaping. Foliage Leaves are pinnately compound, 18 in. Shelter from winter winds. Mahonia bealei Leatherleaf mahonia is a thick shrub with a formal feel. The key is that the Mahonia is a broadleaf evergreen and should not be subjected to any direct sun when the ground is frozen solid. Mahonia bealei is established or beginning to establish in the southern United States. Flowers Flowering occurs in late winter and early spring, when fragrant, lemon-yellow flowers develop. (2.5-5.1 cm) wide. Mahonia bealei is particularly common in bottomland forests and grows well in shade to partial shade. Mahonia bealei is a multi-stemmed, evergreen shrub with irregular, strong upright stems that have limited branching. It was brought over to Europe from China in the 1800's. ma-HOH-nee-a BEE-le-eye. Flowering occurs in late winter and early spring, when fragrant, lemon-yellow flowers develop[12].The fruits are blue colored berries, about a half inch long, that turn bluish black with a grayish bloom. It may not flower if it does not receive at least a few hours of sun each day and does not like hot… Plants will spread by suckering and seed. Its most obvious differences from the type are in shorter racemes and wider leaflets. Leathery, pinnate-compound, holly-like leaves (to 12-18" long) grow in horizontal tiers. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 7-9 (perhaps Zone 6 where planted in protected locations) where it is easily grown in moist, well-drained soils in part shade (morning sun or sun dappled shade) to full shade. Leaflets are sessile have spines and terminal larger than others. The holly-like leaves are up to 18 inches (45 cm) long, with 5-8 pairs of leaflets. [10] The confusion between M. japonica and M. bealei is reflected in subsequent literature, with the latter referred to variously as M. japonica var. Grown for the bright yellow flowers, and attractive deep green foliage Mahonia are a good plant for many landscaping situations. There are no illustrations. First collected in China (Anhui) by Robert Fortune, the plants were taken to Shanghai, where they were lodged in the garden of Mr Beale to await transportation to Europe. Mahonia japonica Despite the name native to Taiwan. Grow more than one shrub together for best fruit production. Also tolerates full sun (albeit often with some bleaching of foliage colors), but only in the cooler northern parts of its growing range. Thomas Chaye Beale, Scottish merchant who became Portuguese Consul to Shanghai in 1851, is a likely candidate according to many historians. Leatherleaf Mahonia (Mahonia bealei) is native to China and a close relative of the barberry. Bunches of deep blue- black berries hanging like grapes in spring. Common names are from state and federal lists. [12], Mahonia bealei is native to China. Fedde, Friedrich Karl Georg. Mahonia bealei, commonly known as Beale’s barberry or leatherleaf mahonia, is an evergreen shrub with pinnate compound leaves which typically grows in a multi-stemmed clump to 4-10’ tall but occasionally taller. (46 cm) long, with 9-13 holly-like leaflets. EvergreenYellow Mahonia Bealei is sometimes treated as a separate species to the Mahonia Japonica, and sometimes as a cultivar of the Mahonia Japonica species, under the above name. Species. It is native to western China. Mahonia bealei has reportedly escaped cultivation and become established in the wild in scattered places in the southeastern United States from Arkansas to Florida to Delaware. Its stiff, green-blue foliage looks something like holly foliage, and in spring, airy clusters of tiny, golden yellow flowers appear. 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