When eaten, the bark of guelder rose viburnums is thought to have positive medicinal effects as an antispasmodic, earning the plant one of its common names – crampbark. Common Name(s) Cramp bark also is known as guelder rose, snowball, squaw bush, cranberry tree, highbush cranberry, and pimbina. Guelder rose is a plant native to North America and Europe and propagates wildly in woodlands, hedges, and thickets. Guelder rose is a spreading, deciduous, upright shrub. americanum. ... American High Bush Cranberry or Guelder Rose. Common medicinal uses: astringent, uterine tonic, urinary tract, perimenopause and menopausal symptoms. It can reach up to 4m high and can spread from 2–5m. There are several cultivated varieties, including the well-known Snowball Shrub (or Tree), ‘Roseum’ (or ‘Sterile’), which gets its name from the snowball-shaped clusters of sterile flowers; it appears to have originated in the Dutch province of Gelderland, the derivation of its other common name, “Guelder Rose.”. The “official” medicinal is V. opulus. The leaves are opposite, three-lobed, 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long and broad, with a rounded base and coarsely serrated margins; they are superficially similar to the leaves of some maples, most easily distinguished by their somewhat wrinkled surface with impressed leaf venation. It is suspected that all Viburnums might have the coumarin glycoside. Scientific Name(s) Viburnum opulus, V. opulus var. Although the berries are mildly toxic raw, they can be cooked into an edible and tasty jam. Several Viburnums had medicinal applications. Viburnum opulus is a deciduous shrub growing to 4–5 m (13–16 ft) tall. Today Guelder Rose berries are still widely found growing wild in Asia and Europe and are grown in home gardens and through small farms for medicinal use. guelder rose or crampbark, for health: history and uses of guelder roses GUELDER ROSE, VIBURNUM OPULUS The Guelder rose is native to Europe and North America and was introduced to Britain from The Netherlands, having been cultivated by the Dutch in the province of Gueldersland , hence its name. V. opulus and V. prunifolium have scopoletin, which is a coumarin glycoside that acts as a sedative particularly on the uterus. It has greyish, hairless stems. The Viburnum genus suffers from some naming confusion. Overview Information Honeysuckle is a plant. The flower, seed, berries, and leaves are used for medicine. The history of guelder rose dates back centuries, having been used by various Native American tribes for medicinal purposes. The tannins, bitter substances, essential oil, glycosides, organic acids and vitamin C (only present in the fresh plant) are considered to be the most important medicinal … What is it used for? The berries have also been used as a medicinal ingredient since the 14th century and gained the most notoriety during the 16th century through practicing herbalists. The Meskwaki people took guelder rose mainly for body pains and menstrual cramps, a use that is still prolific today and which gave the plant … Identified in winter by: green, hairless buds which have a pair of scales. In today’s herbal medicine, water pepper is mainly used as a topical astringent agent and a remedy against diarrhea.. Look out for: the three-lobed leaves which have leaf stems with a channel running down the centre and a pair of round glands near the apex of the leaf. 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