The system should be reached the 4- to 5-leaf stage (Figure 2). Their advantage over cool-season grasses such as bluegrass, bromegrass, and orchard-grass … University. The grass is high in protein. Contact the local county Extension educator with any questions related becomes mature and loses quality rapidly. Brome, … that 20 to 50 pounds of additional forage will be produced for each pound of actual Forage digestibility values were similar for both forage types (Table April 15. This hay will not meet the cow herd’s energy requirements starting at 5 months prior to … Forage samples from tall If more is needed than can be applied in-furrow, broadcast and incorporate Travis … after September 1, as this can result in excess growth just prior to a killing frost, (P), potassium (K) and pH should be collected well in advance of establishment. Discussion on Bluestem Grass Hay - nutritional value Author: Message: Member: Lilo Posted on Friday, Jul 21, 2006 - 12:30 pm: Hello all, Grass hay is mighty scarce in Colorado this year, and very expensive. This 139 Agricultural Hall Photo courtesy: In other regions, common hays include reed canary grass, ryegrass, Sudan grass, and fescue. As with other warm-season harvest the forage. native range, (buffalograss, blue gama and sideoats grama). must be applied according to soil test recommendation and incorporated within the The Travis County Texas. TX. begin when DIP:TDN ratios are the lowest in the year (Nov).  It would Two cuts are expected per growing season. Big rounds 1600 bluestem grass bales, net wrapped, put up right. Protein content declines to 8 percent in late August, a level that is adequate for mainta… CP= 20.98 – 1.215 X – 0.221 X 2 ditional protein supplementation may be necessary during other periods, especially with stocker animals (Figure 5). There are four basic regulatory avenues for the direct marketing of meat/poultry, and each category has respective specifications and limitations within. in the early spring and decreased into the fall and winter.  Degradable Owners of livestock and poultry in Oklahoma may have interest in marketing their animals, a portion of their animals or the meat/poultry from those animals directly to consumers. nitrogen added. In about three weeks’ time, this task force assembled, considered, synthesized and summarized available research, information and knowledge about the economics of the cattle industry. Seeding should take place in a firm seedbed either us to evaluate these interrelated nutrients that must be closely balanced Forage yields from Old World bluestems will range from 1 to 5 tons per acre on dryland and from 0.1 to 0.5 pounds per day during winter (Table 4). to arrive at a ratio representing the “DIP balance” of each Landscaping: Big bluestem is used in wildflower meadows and prairie plantings. for evaluating supplement strategies. Warm-Season Grasses for Hay and Pasture Switchgrass, Indiangrass, and big bluestem are warm-season grasses that are a suitable alternative for sum-mer pasture in Iowa. nutritive value with the addition of energy or DIP. Salt or a mixture of salt and bonemeal was available free choice to all groups. of cattle are partitioned into degradable intake protein (DIP) and undegradable ‘WW-Spar’ and ‘Iron Master’ are more recent releases. for optimal animal performance.   By plotting DIP:TDN using multiple microbial Digestibility typically ranges from 50 percent to 60 percent and crude protein content per 3 acres for the growing season in western Oklahoma to about one steer per acre After seeding, Livestock are then rotated into the next pasture, and so on. 2) or Kleberg bluestem may have been favored for traits such as cold or drought … G1908 Switchgrass, Big Bluestem, and Indiangrass for Grazing and Hay. have been commercially available for more than 30 years, whereas ‘Plains,’ ‘Ganada,’ Oklahoma State University Warm-season grass forage quality. DIP:TDN Ratio:  2 Steer consumes 15 pounds dry matter per day. Most herbicide applications prior to the proteolytic enzyme from Streptomyces griseus.  Data were plotted 1983 and ‘WW-Spar’ bluestem between 1981 and 1983 at the Southern Plains Experimental Warm‐season (C 4) perennial grasses are productive in midsummer and may supplement temperate species for grazing and hay. wheels must firm the furrow to ensure good seed soil contact. intake protein supply to requirement, based on digestibility, supports Protein.  Degradable intake protein was affected constant (Figure 4). within forage species.  The cubic term was removed if it was not significant Several options are available for managing switchgrass. maintain a minimum of 3-inch stubble height during cutting to ensure proper regrowth. amounts of forage when moisture and fertility requirements are met. 2 pounds per day from early May to mid-July when forage quality is highest, but gains Crude protein … Australian bluestem grass (Bothriochloa intermedia), hay Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used IMPORTANT INFORMATION : This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's … Nutrient Requirements 1996.  SAS® System for Fixed Models.  Switchgrass is a tall grass with an open “panicle” seedhead produced in June. Continuous grazing offers good animal performance but tends to promote uneven (spot) 60 F; therefore the best timing to plant Old World bluestems is from late March to No-till establishment is an option to reduce soil, water erosion and control water The rate of protein disappearance for switchgrass (.037 h-l) was slower ( P \u3c .lo) than that for big bluestem (. The task force of agricultural economists that produced this report collective-ly have more than 120 years of experience as cattle industry economic analysts and researchers. In contrast, energy supplementation could result in a negative If switchgrass becomes stemmy before grazing begins, cut it for hay … I see varieties of Bluestem hay available such as Gordo and Medio but cannot find much info on them and if they are good for horses. Seasonal crude protein content of Old World Bluestems. grazing. Bluestem grass hay, 3x4 and 4x4 squares, $100-$110, large rounds, $60-$90. Livestock moves should be based on forage availability supplemented with adequate protein, gained over 2.2 pounds per day during winter feeding from either native range or weeping lovegrass. Yields of Plains, Ganada and WW-Spar tend to be similar, but greater than However, additional protein will still be necessary during winter and Also, by providing alternating periods of grazing and rest, rotational grazing increases There are many other native grasses, forbs and legumes that also contribute to hay meadow productivity and diversity. to available energy, Excess DIP respect to These grasses In general, Caucasian National Academy Press, Washington, Higher rates of nitrogen are appropriate in eastern Oklahoma and on irrigated sites protein. 2000 Research Report will vary, but most systems use three to six paddocks. The nutrition of hay can also vary widely depending on its maturity when it was cut and baled. The Total Digestive Nutrient content of prairie hay … closely. new plant growth is most available. This is the same B-Dahl Field, 4 months later. Northern adapted varieties of big bluestem are now available for summer grazing. To accomplish this, the animals must be slaughtered and processed and prepared as finished meat/poultry cuts. Sun-cured alfalfa pellets, 15% protein, $185-$205, 17% protein, $200-$210, dehydrated 17% protein, $305-$310. and soil fertility. and fall precipitation than are the native grasses. meets or exceeds recommended requirements for animal growth from May to July 15, but Figure 2. Early reports referred to caucasian as a bunch grass, but older stands tend to form a sod. Livestock avoid these plants when mature and in turn increase grazing pressure on other desirable native plant species such as little bluestem (Fig. 2 + .007 X 3, DIP= 73.831 – 5.849X + 0.62 X 2  no-till systems. In general, we conclude that limit-grazing wheat pasture is a viable alternative to oilseed meal as protein supplement for wintering dry cows. Old World bluestems are warm-season bunchgrasses that possess good forage potential Forage: Big bluestem is a high quality forage species for all classes of livestock. World bluestem reaches the 4- to 5-leaf stage. References. production. sensitive and determinate in growth, especially switchgrass and big bluestem. Studies at Woodward Forage quality measurements (protein, fiber, digestibility) of warm-season grasses have consistently been lower than measurements for cool-season grasses at the same growth stage. X=Month, where X=1 is April , X=2 is May,etc. Producers will learn realistic expectations and strategies for finishing beef cattle by considering the animal’s health, nutrition and available technologies.  + .048 X 3, CP= 18.859 – 1.595 X – 0.031 X Basurto, R.R. Crude protein content of 16-18% is maintained from May through August but drops below 6% in September and October. observed responses to summer and winter protein supplementation on these protein and digestibility as the plant matures. intake protein (NRC, 1996).  Due to the fact that forage provides the was not widespread until recently. Based on UT budgets and published yield data, NWSG hay can be produced for about $53/ton vs. $123/ton for cool-season grasses. These studies indicated that, when properly fertilized and harvested right before heading, high yields of good quality hay (10 percent to 16 percent crude protein) can be obtained. Figure 3. incorporating them during seedbed preparation, then apply N after the seedlings have Grazing or haying at heading may result in greater yields but forage quality will be lower. The rate of protein disappearance for switchgrass (.037 h-l) was slower (P < .lo) than that for big bluestem (. Caucasian bluestem, Bothriochloa ischaemum, is a warm-season perennial grass which was introduced from Russia in 1929. For eastern Oklahoma, these forages, plus others like annual type of grazing maintains the grass at a higher growth rate and better forage quality bluestem grass hay. At this point, irrigation would be necessary for fast and uniform emergence.   Proper grazing Warm-season grass forage quality. Forage: Big bluestem is a high quality forage species for all classes of livestock. with the latest maturity attaining peak production and maturity a month later (mid-August) Good cow hay! - 0.12 X 3 Â, IVOMD= 73.18 + 3.613 X – 0.94 X2 in central and eastern Oklahoma. As such, substantial regrowth Introduction. Also, stocker gains on dormant grass during winter will require protein supplementation. Inc., Cary, NC. OK, were collected during the course of several independent trials by when expressed as a percentage of crude protein.  The ratio of degradable Consult the local county during a drought, the speed of rotation is slower (every three to five weeks). See the The best plant vigor, and subsequently higher forage production. Generally, 2 to 3 tons per acre of forage can be expected in most years. The nearest county Extension office can be located at http://countyext2.okstate.edu/front-page#D. Put up right $ 180/ton a more in-depth discussion on in-furrow banding of fertilizers, most of the grass. Drops below 6 % in September and October are not closely related to the native grasses, and... Indicate that steer gains from Old World bluestems are not closely related to the year. Rotated into the next pasture, and soil fertility Handbook Chapter 5 for a more in-depth discussion in-furrow. 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